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Flight #18: Money Advice To Share With Your Kids

Pilot Money Guys:

Kids and Money!

Welcome to Flight #18, where we are discussing kids and money!

This podcast is all about helping your kids take the first steps to financial freedom and independence. We discuss some of the steps we all wish we would have taken when we were first starting out as new savers and investors.

We believe we should help our kids learn from other's successes and mistakes - We do not have time to make them all ourselves! In fact, life is a series of building off the successes and failures we all experience. Sharing those lessons with our kids is easy in some areas but with finances it can be tough. Don’t let that stop you from preparing them for a great financial future.

“Children are sponges—they are going to absorb whatever is around them, so we need to be intentional about what surrounds them.” — Dave Ramsey

Our kids will learn from our money habits whether we like it or not. We encourage parents to communicate money matters to their kids as well as be honest and transparent as much as possible, so they don’t make the same money mistakes we made.

In this podcast we cover the most important financial topics for getting started. We believe this content can help you have great conversations with your kids. They still won’t think your cool, but I bet they’ll listen and learn something.

Our goal for our clients is to help their kids build a foundation of financial knowledge that will set them up for success in the future!

Thank you for listening!

This hypothetical illustration assumes an annual 6% return. The illustration doesn't represent any particular investment, nor does it account for inflation. Source:https://investor.vanguard.com/retirement/savings/when-to-start

This chart shows that if you start saving earlier, you can have a higher balance at retirement than someone who saves more but starts later. If you contribute $10,000 a year from age 25 to age 40, for a total investment of $150,000, it could grow to $1,058,912 by the time you're age 65. If you contribute $10,000 a year from age 35 to age 65, for a total investment of $300,000, it could grow to $838,019 by the time you're age 65.

 

Can You Beat COWBELL in timing the market?!

https://www.personalfinanceclub.com/time-the-market-game/

 

Podcast Transcription:

Flight #18: Kids and Money

[00:00:00] Voice Actor: ladies and gentlemen, welcome aboard the pilot money guys podcast, where our mission is to help clients build and protect wealth to achieve their dreams. And. This podcast is brought to you by leading edge financial planning without further ado. Here is your host Robert equity.

[00:00:31] Rob: Hey folks. Welcome to flight 18.

[00:00:34] We're talking kids and money today. The tip of the Kaptio. Thank you for joining us here at the pilot money guys podcast, where we cover some airline news except for today. And of course, a financial times. We aim to educate and bring some lighthearted financial fund to your day. I'm your host, Rob Ackland.

[00:00:50] I'm a little under the weather. So the godfather Charlie Madingley certified financial planner and leading edge founder is with us. Hello godfather. Hello? Hello.

[00:00:59] Charlie: How's it going? I'm sorry. You're feeling feeling badly, but uh, we're gonna, you all were trying to keep me down last time. I was feeling bad. So this time we kicked you out, you're down to.

[00:01:12] Rob: So you

[00:01:12] Ben: wouldn't fight and he's also rocking a mustache for all that. Anyone on

[00:01:17] Charlie: YouTube, how to do the YouTube, which really makes my teeth look huge. It looks

[00:01:21] Rob: great. Yeah. Does dentist nice? I've of course set a little shout out to Alaska or Borealis. That's my background. Yeah. Ben's got the max. You got the max is your background.

[00:01:34] Ben: And I do, I do have the max. Yeah. Um,

[00:01:38] Charlie: the good oldest button that was the good old days.

[00:01:41] Rob: Oh, that's the ejection button don't hit that don't hit. Oh yeah. Yeah. Excellent. Well, and of course we've got Mr. Cal bell Ben tickets and welcome Ben. Thank you. Good to be

[00:01:51] Ben: here. All

[00:01:52] Charlie: right. Did you introduce yourself as a mallet?

[00:01:55] Rob: I did it today. You know, why, why have calls me the Viking idiot? Any of those can, I

[00:02:02] Charlie: will answer. You can substitute. And I mean, I'm starting to like Malad a little bit, I think it sounds kind of cool if you, if you just absolutely reject that notion, we will, we will start again, but you can't. But I like it because we started off as the MC hammer, which was a little too much too strong, but you are the MC and you are a hammer, but then you said, Hey, let's soften that a bit.

[00:02:22] So we went to rubber. Rubber mallets too many syllables and too many words. Yes.

[00:02:29] Rob: Well, last my days is an evaluator MC hammer.

[00:02:34] Charlie: I'm seeing him. So, I mean, I don't know a mallet that is really starting to sound pretty good. Just as long as we keep the story from straying too far from the temporary nature, we have 10% rule.

[00:02:44] Rob: Okay, fantastic. Well, we're going to talk some aviation news. I've got this one. I think. So there's this day in history, actually, it wasn't from today, but it's from two days ago. Close enough. On October 12th, 1944. First Lieutenant Charles Elwood, Yeager of the air Corps army. The United States shut down five count of five.

[00:03:11] in one second. Wow. Becoming an ACE in a day. That's air quotes. They're ACE in a day. The termination today is used to designate a pilot who shut down five or more airplanes in a single day, based on the usual definition of. As one with five or more aerial victories. Right. Wow. That's incredible.

[00:03:28] Charlie: That's

[00:03:29] Ben: amazing.

[00:03:30] Was it just, uh, you know, best, you know, right place, right time.

[00:03:34] Rob: Oh man. So I've got, I've got his, I've got his whole quote cause it's it's worth now. He was a P 51, a Mustang fighter pilot signed it a three 63rd fighter squadron near the village of, uh, I might be butchering this, but that Britain Suffolk.

[00:03:50] Albertson's pretty good. Pretty good.

[00:03:52] Charlie: As far as I

[00:03:52] Rob: know, anyways, here's Jagger's quote, it was almost comic scoring two quick victories without firing a shot. By now, all the airplanes in the sky had dropped their wing tanks and were spinning and diving in a wild wide open dog fight. I guess two of them collided.

[00:04:07] I stopped shooting at him. I blew up a 1 0 9 from 600 yards, uh, my third victory. So he shot at one of them and he hit his wing man and they both had. So he didn't. So I guess he barely had to do two for one, two for one. And then when I turned to see another angling in behind me, man, I pulled back the throttle.

[00:04:26] So bleep hard. I nearly stalled rolled up and over. It came in behind and under him kicking right rudder and simultaneously firing. It was directly underneath the guy less than 50 feet. And I opened up the 1 0 9 as if it were a can of spam.

[00:04:40] Charlie: Less than 50

[00:04:40] Rob: feet. 50 feet that made four that's incredible moment.

[00:04:46] A moment later, I waxed the guy's Fanny and a steep dive. I pulled up at about a thousand feet. You went straight into the ground. Crazy. Wow. You're talking 12, 19 44. Top. That really is awesome. Top that

[00:05:01] Charlie: cowbell. That's

[00:05:01] Ben: pretty incredible. I mean, I've done some cool stuff. My drone. Yeah. Yeah, that's amazing.

[00:05:07] I mean, Chuck would be proud, but I can't beat that. You're right.

[00:05:14] Rob: That's a good one. All right. Any other things we want to

[00:05:19] Charlie: talk about? Nothing going on at all in the world of aviation to see here. Nope. Turn away from anything you see in the news. Yeah. Vaccinations airlines. We're not, uh, we're not, we're going to stay lighthearted today, folks. Okay. There's a lot of serious stuff going on.

[00:05:37] And I told Rob today, look, we got to have some humor. How else can you get through these times? Without some humor, you gotta laugh. You gotta laugh about it. Otherwise you'll go crazy. So that's what we're doing. We're not going to address those things today. Too many variables too. Uh, too many unknowns and let's do a hurtful still.

[00:05:53] So we'll wait. Yeah, we'll wait

[00:05:55] Rob: too soon to right. Well, let's get into our financial topic then this one, actually, I'm really excited about it's kids in. And how do you talk to your kids about money? What are some things to think about? We're going to cover the mentality you should use, how they should use money.

[00:06:11] When they first get started at a young age, the savings and investing, they should do, um, three different ways. You can choose to save with them. And of course, in that, we're going to talk about UTMs and Ross. Um, and we'll get into. Charlie, what have you got anything? Oh, right off the bat. We're talking mentality.

[00:06:31] Oh,

[00:06:31] Charlie: we got tons of stuff. The toughest part about today is keeping it, , succinct and meaningful. , we're going to try to give some real practical applications to kids and money, just stuff we've learned from other,, people that we know clients have taught us a lot of things to do with their.

[00:06:51] Ben is, uh, is the one that remembers it the most clearly, I think. Right. And so he can help us a little bit. It's been a while for you and I Rob, especially, especially me, but I do remember a lot now, in fact, that the first thing that I remember, uh, or sticks in my brain and, and, and helped me get a good star and overcome some of my other Follies down the road.

[00:07:13] I was just starting early. And let me, I'm going to share with you guys, um, and, and our YouTube audience as well, but check the power of starting early is unbelievable. Okay. So here we go. Um, and we'll talk to this graphic, but again, our podcast listeners go to YouTube, check this out or Google it it's everywhere.

[00:07:35] So here's an example and the power of starting now and Ben, you and I, the other day, we're talking to, uh, one of our. Sons. He just is getting started in the workforce. He's got a great job, right? And he's like, Hey, he called us up, which is awesome. We encourage all of our clients, kids to call us. We love to talk about it.

[00:07:55] He was actually 25. So he said, this is perfect. This is you. So if you start saving at 25 and in this example on the screen, You say you start saving at 25, you save $10,000 a year. I don't know the rate of return in this particular example, I think it's five, six or seven doesn't matter because it kind of cancels out.

[00:08:12] The point is still the same, uh, in the, in the, in the examples. Anyway, so this person started saving a 25, 10,000 a year. They invested it and they stopped saving at age 40. Now at age 65, they had a little over a million. Now, this person's friend, we'll call him. Ben Dickinson started saving at 35 and they saved all the way they did not.

[00:08:40] You know, they started at 35 instead of 25. They started, they saved all the way through 65 and they only ended up with 840,000 versus the over a million. So let me re reiterate Ben's friend saved at 28, 25 for 15 years in. They had a million bucks, Ben say from 35 to 65, 30 years. And it has 840,000. I mean it's yeah,

[00:09:08] Ben: that hurts.

[00:09:08] That really hurts seeing that I knew my friend was doing well, but I, I didn't realize that. Well, he saved half as much as me. Yes.

[00:09:18] Charlie: It's that really was wild. All right, Rob, what do you think? Beautiful. Any thoughts? I love it. It's powerful.

[00:09:25] Rob: I, you know, I think it can kind of tie into, um, you know, just the power of saving early, which there's a mentality on that.

[00:09:34] And I think we should get in a little bit of that. I think when you talk to your kids about money, you should have an abundance mentality . And instead of using certain language, like we can't.

[00:09:44] When you go to the store and you're looking to buy a toy or whatever. Um, it's I think a little bit more helpful to say we haven't budgeted for that at this time, or how are we going to afford that? How are we going to budget for that in the future? So if we prioritize that you want that Tonka toy, well, let's save for it.

[00:10:01] Let's see how we're going to get there. Um, and I think families that actually have conversations about money. It probably as long as they're not too negative. I think it has. People get comfortable with the idea, as opposed to, , there's certain families that, that money is taboo. Ask your dad how much he makes is just not anything you would do.

[00:10:20] And I think that just kinda makes the subject of money taboo. So you don't want to talk about it, maybe it's evil. And, uh, the other thing is when families get into the, to a, probably a bad scenario where they're highly. Certain, thanks from their significant others, such as you hide, you know, you go off to a clothing store or toy store and you say, Hey, it's going to be our secret.

[00:10:43] We're not gonna tell mom about this. Probably not the best thing. Cause you're just teaching them. You know that again, money's kind of evil. Um, so yeah, we wanna, we want to teach the abundance mentality where you're saying, Hey, you've got to. Well, let's see how we're going to get it. And then the reason they're getting the toys, because you were smart with your money, as opposed to just saying they can't have it.

[00:11:05] And the reason why they can have it is because of money. Absolutely. Yeah, yeah,

[00:11:10] Charlie: yeah. Same. We can't afford it kind of, kind of a cop out just saying we can't afford it and maybe that's true, you know, sometimes, uh, but, uh, but I like what you're saying, especially. Um, about the communicating abundance mentality, you know, and, and to me, abundance mentality means being generous.

[00:11:24] And I think there's a whole lot to learn there. That's a whole nother podcast, but one of the things, um, before I hand it off to, uh, the, uh, what's your name again, been the, uh, we call on because Jesus, today we call you cowbell. Before I ended off to Cabell, , one of the things I, I tried, I've tried this with my 15 year old daughter, because when we.

[00:11:45] See clients and, uh, talk to them and just friends and family, you know, sometimes their parents did it, right. They did a good job or the best they could, but if it's not communicated, there are misunderstandings. So not only is it important to behave well as an example to your children, but you have to tell your children how you're behaving to make it clear because there will be misunderstand.

[00:12:10] , you're talking about a young kid looking at something that they don't understand, and they're going to learn lessons from that, whether you like it or not. So I just wanted to expound on what you said, Rob, it's super important, but a cowbell. What do you

[00:12:21] Ben: think? Yeah, I think I'm going back to what Rob was saying that, that kind of teaches more financial independence as well, which is what you're going to.

[00:12:32] When you, when you go out on your own is okay. All of a sudden I'm not getting any support from anybody. Would I, how am I going to manage my finances? And personally, um, I had a lot, uh, I had support going through school and, and, um, but once I graduated, once I got my job after school, it was like, well, here you are, you're on your own.

[00:12:53] You know, you have to, you have to budget. You have to, uh, set your goals. If you want to buy something, you can't, you maybe can't buy it right when you want. And sometimes that can be a really difficult transition, um, and starting to, to create that mentality of abundance. And Hey, if you want something you're going to have to work for it, um, or you're going to have to save or set it as a goal.

[00:13:14] I think starting that as, as early as possible is going to be, there's going to be really huge. I think, um, we've talked about, about this. , you want, you want the best for your kids. You want them to, you know, maybe be in a better position than you were at their. Um, but sometimes there are lessons that need to be learned.

[00:13:31] , and the only way to learn them is to , let them do it themselves. And so you, you may even be able to afford the toys that, that they're wanting, but sometimes it, maybe it's better to just say, Hey, let's, let's figure out how you can buy this yourself. And not only that, but at the end of the day, you feel better about yourself.

[00:13:45] You've accomplished it and you've worked and saved and gotten the thing that you want. Um, and that's a really valuable lesson. , when you're a young adult,

[00:13:52] Rob: Yeah. I think there's a key distinction there. When you're talking abundance mentality, it's just the way you're going about your life, that money.

[00:13:59] Isn't something that is so limited that you can't do certain things. It's more, Hey, we can use money to our advantage. And how do we do that? It's not, um, would, I think a lot of parents who have gotten into the habit of, and I'm certain, I'm probably guilty of it. Myself is just, you know, you know, handing my kid, whatever they want at certain times.

[00:14:18] And that's not helpful either. I don't think, uh, just giving them whatever they want or, you know, obviously they get spoiled and they don't understand the meaning of money. Tell you we're going to say something.

[00:14:27] Charlie: I mean, I think this podcast is, is fun because we're talking about. We're talking to young adults that are just getting started at college, was talking to parents of young kids.

[00:14:37] Like we have a Rob and we're talking to. Ben's age group as well on, on maybe even some things on what accounts to invest in. We'll talk about that in a minute, but it's a funny story real quick with my, uh, gosh, I can't remember how old my daughter was. I don't know, 8, 9, 10. I would give her like five bucks and said, you can have these $5 and let's go to Walmart and, you know, take her to the toy section and hunter, you can buy whatever you want.

[00:15:02] Cause I wanted her to make these choices for trade-offs. Well, you can have this, but, uh, but you could also have this and just, you know, thinking about that. So you probably know already what I'm going to get get at. And that's when I gave her $5, she came back to me after 20 minutes, I was like, dad, I can't buy anything, nothing to buy when $5.

[00:15:22] I was like, okay, sorry. A little out of touch here, but just some practical, stuff. As far as savings, we talked about saving early, , parents, you can start a custodial Roth. We'll talk about the nuts and bolts of that in a minute, you can start a UTMA or sometimes they're called . We'll talk about the pros and cons in a minute as well.

[00:15:44] Uh, we could do a whole podcast on each one of those, but another technique is to match the CA your, your child's savings. Hey, you save a hundred bucks. I'm at you a hundred dollars. That's training, , for, for future savings and 401ks and such,.

[00:15:58] Somebody told me . One time, they said, we give our kids allowances or pay them for chores. And we encourage them to save 10% to give away 10% to something that they find meaning. And then do the rest with whatever they want. You know, that's a pretty good little habit pattern and kind of like you said, Rob teaches , the abundance mentality.

[00:16:18] And so I think that's a really good technique as well.

[00:16:22] Rob: Yeah, for sure. I think I'm kind of backing up a little bit when you very first start with your kids being tangible or using tangible money, using cold, hard cash. Yeah, that's helpful. Yeah. When they can see the value of a dollar and they can see it coming in and you pay them for whatever work they did and they see it going out when they buy whatever it is they want, that helps them get an understanding of, oh, I can't work for this.

[00:16:50] I got this amount of money and it's going out. Eventually they're going to graduate. Right. They're going to graduate to apps. And of course, with all the technology, these days, they're going to have debit cards or credit cards or whatever they're going to use. And they're going to have an app on their phone.

[00:17:03] Tied to that. And even then be as tangible as you can be right with them. So like for my son, we have a capital 1, 360, a high yield savings account for him. And we'll get into that a little bit. I think it's, uh, uh, it's too much fun. I geek out about it, but I think, you know, when I, when I pay him for doing, uh, an extra job around the house , he does certain chores just because he's part of the family.

[00:17:23] He doesn't get paid for that. He can go above and beyond and do other things. Did he gets paid for it. So when he does those, I actually slide and there's a transfer, uh, slide to transfer on your, on your iPhone. Uh, when you're in new capital 1, 360 account, and you just slide it and it shows it going into his account and you can actually look and say, okay, the money's transferred from my account and now your accounts up $10 or $20 or whatever it is.

[00:17:48] And I think just kind of having that, Account where you can see that's a, I'm losing the word here, but a tangible, tangible, there we go. That's the one where you can actually feel it. , see it, touch it. And they see, okay. Yeah. That's, that's, uh, in my account now, as opposed to you just give them an open-ended account and all of a sudden they're out of money and,

[00:18:10] Ben: so yeah, my, my parents tried to teach me how to balance a checkbook and I don't think since then, I have ever used to balance a checkbook cause everything's on, on the app.

[00:18:20] I mean, they're so, um, anyway, that's just kind of, didn't really help me at all.

[00:18:27] Rob: Right?

[00:18:28] Charlie: What I liked about what you said, Rob, when you pay your children allowance, there's there's stuff they should be doing because they're part of the.

[00:18:37] Cleaning the room picking up after themselves, whatever. Hey, you're part of this unit. However, if you want to do something extra, , like Polish my shoes or something. No, no, I'm not. I'm positive. Mow the grass or whatever then. Yeah, that's an allowance, so we talked about, , saving how to help your children get started on that, you know, spending plans and Ben, you mentioned setting goals and saving for them, , teaching that delayed gratification, which is huge, which I don't think any of us have anymore, but what we call this, uh, in the nerd nerd world or financial planning is bringing these future expenses into the.

[00:19:14] And that applies to all of us, by the way, today I was working on my spending plan for the next quarter and I had to put on there, uh, a new car, probably not a new car, but a used car. And I haven't had a car payment a long time and it's going to hurt, but we, we just recently lost a car, which is another story for another day, but it's painful.

[00:19:34] So I had to put it in there and it's painful. I got to face. But bring those expenses that are 1, 2, 3 years out, bring them in platform right now.

[00:19:43] Ben: . Yeah. Um, absolutely. The first thing, just, just for, for the spending plan thing.

[00:19:49] Uh, first, first big purchase. After I started my first job, I went out and bought a, a medical. Um, literally with my first, my first paycheck. And then I had, uh, I had the rest of the month where then I realized, oh, oh crap. I didn't not have no more, no more money left for groceries. I really did. And so then.

[00:20:14] Everybody was asked it was worth it. Yeah. And then I had to call a call, uh, call my parents. And can you send me like a hundred dollars for some groceries? And they're like, what happened? Uh,

[00:20:29] Charlie: nothing at all. I would never do such a thing

[00:20:36] Rob: as we're talking about that budgeting. I think I do think one of the things we should touch on here is automating it, right?

[00:20:42] If you can, and there's two sides to that coin. Obviously, if you audit. You know, the payments going in, they don't see it. And they just, they just get used to money coming in. If they don't see that it's tied to the work, but when you automate it, when they, uh, you know, as far as their savings and investing, it can make it a lot easier.

[00:21:01]

[00:21:01] Charlie: Another technique is,, when you're, I don't know what age is appropriate, maybe 12, you know, when they can first start understanding stock ownership, as we're driving down the road, I would talk to my daughter, Hey, , you can own part of Walmart, , Hey, we go to Disney, you can own part of it.

[00:21:16] And what are you talking about? So then you go, Hey, I'm going to buy you a, a piece of a stock. You can actually buy single stock, stockpile.com. We should get paid for all our advertising today, by the way. But I stockpile dot copy, print out a, um, a certificate and frame it.

[00:21:30] Put other walls, say you own a piece of Disney. , that's great learning. Now, once you learn that lesson, then tell them we don't want to want to own just one company that we want to talk about. Mutual funds, ETFs, et cetera. But the lesson of ownership is good. Just be careful, you know, don't make, don't make a bunch of speculators out of your children at age 15.

[00:21:50] Ben: Just going to say, I need, I need a piece of paper like that for my Bitcoin. Um, so that it makes me feel like I own something other

[00:21:58] Charlie: a second. I thought you had coins. You don't have coins.

[00:22:02] Ben: Oh man. Here I go. Now we'll talk off the, off on this one. Just actual coin, the recording. Okay. I hate to break to you.

[00:22:10] There's nothing there. I don't have a gun.

[00:22:13] Charlie: Oh, this is. Yep. We're gonna have another, have another podcast on the Bitcoin. Uh,

[00:22:19] Rob: another one. Well, they should just go and look at what was it? You can't hide 7, 7, 7, 7. So Bitcoin, Jesus and Jesus.

[00:22:27] Charlie: That's called. I call it. You called that. So

[00:22:32] Rob: let's talk, speaking to the peak and the bottom.

[00:22:34] Can we, should we, should we do that, that little. Or save that for like, which graph you're talking about. Oh, the little a game trying

[00:22:42] Charlie: to time. That's right. So, so that was one of the lessons here for, for all of us, but especially as a young person starting out, it's not about timing the market. And this was our first point of compound interest, , Einstein said.

[00:22:57] Eighth wonder of the world compound interest. So it's not about timing getting in, getting out of the market. You know, it's about putting your money in there, saving it, and then, uh, investing wisely of course, but not trying to run for the Hills when things get scary. So we've got a little game we're gonna play on, uh, for our YouTube folks here.

[00:23:16] And this is personal finance club.com. You can, uh, Google, uh, timing the stock market game. And if several leads will pop up, so here's what we're going to do to put it

[00:23:27] Rob: in the show notes.

[00:23:28] Ben: And if you get, yeah, and if you can time the market, if you can beat this, if you beat us. Yeah.

[00:23:33] Charlie: We're going to get into today.

[00:23:34] . If you can beat this game, then send it in and let us know that it's possible. So. One Ben coin, we're going to hit play. And then Ben is going to try to time the market. So what's, we don't know it's going to be 10 years of the market and it's going to go up and it's going to go down.

[00:23:50] We don't know which 10 years. Right. But Ben's going to, what's your strategy, Ben, are you going to sell high and try to sell high buy low? Cause , sometimes the market gets too high. It's overvalued and you just want to sell, right. That's right.

[00:24:00] Ben: Yeah. If it goes up too much, I'm Def I'm definitely gonna sell.

[00:24:03] Um, you know, I don't want to just sit there while

[00:24:05] Charlie: let's go. Okay. That sounds good. So then we're going to compare Benz. With a buy and hold strategy for that 10 years. So, okay. Now remember, it's going to start off. First thing you got to do is you're going to be buying right off the bat. So if you want me to sell, you got to see it pretty quick.

[00:24:21] So here we get to say pretty quick. Okay. All right. So the market is going, oh wow. It just jumped up 10% going up like crazy 40% sell, sell, sell, sell. That's right. That's pretty high. And that's scary. That's

[00:24:32] Ben: scary. Oh no, it's still going. It's going through.

[00:24:35] Charlie: Oh, tell me when

[00:24:37] Ben: should I buy?

[00:24:37] Charlie: I'll know. Bye bye.

[00:24:39] Okay, we're going back in the market then I got to go back

[00:24:41] Ben: in with you. I couldn't stand it. All right. All right. Now I'm definitely waiting. Okay. It's going down a little bit. Yeah. All right.

[00:24:47] Charlie: Sell, sell, sell. Okay. That's scary. You're right. That's very

[00:24:50] Ben: scary. All right. All right. Bye-bye bye. I'm getting it's about to, I, I have a feeling right now as soon as it's about to spike.

[00:24:57] Oh, no. Yeah. Oh no. It's. You're struggling. You're in the market. How much longer we got you're in the main cell. So am I, but yes, I sold. All right. All right, now. Bye. Bye. Yep, let's go. And I think it's about to go. It's very scary, man. Come on. I need, I need some help here. I

[00:25:16] gave

[00:25:16] Charlie: him the 200 day moving average right here.

[00:25:18] Did not use that.

[00:25:20] Ben: Oh my gosh. I didn't even realize that's what that was. Or you could have used

[00:25:24] Charlie: the. Well, I mean, I think I've looked at this graph. I'm like, man, you did terrible. I was going to try to find something positive, but you did terrible. Your investment grew from October 21st, 1996 to 2006. Hey, that was a tough time.

[00:25:39] I was looking at this skill market. I was looking at this timeframe going, goodness. That is that's like two or three years. That's the beginning of my investment Rob year two. Right? We're the same age, right? Yup. Right? Yup. That's the beginning of our investment life right there. It was terrible. Anyway. So Ben, let's see how you did from October 96, doc Tober, 2006.

[00:25:57] Your investment grew your $10,000 investment grew to $17,000 almost while a buy and hold strategy netted $22,200 or thereabouts, you lost $5,260, you know, versus the market annualized told me, oh yeah, you did terrible. The market grew 8.3% per year. Your investments Ben grew 5.4% per year because. You, uh, got a little scared sometimes and you thought the market was overvalued and I thought you were going to nail it because I was like, oh, you sold and you're going to, and the market's going down and then, but you just don't know.

[00:26:35] I

[00:26:36] Ben: think I missed the buy

[00:26:37] Charlie: side. Yeah. Anyway,

[00:26:39] Rob: it's so funny. Cause that's exactly, even though you didn't have any news, you know, news media in your ear there, or any pandemics or anything, you know, you're still obviously underperforming. So that in the mix, and that's exactly what you see for a lot of investors who don't have the discipline and

[00:26:58] Ben: well, that first couple of years it went up, so it was up by 20, 30%.

[00:27:02] And so I was like, there's no way I can keep going at that pace. And then sure enough, as soon as I sold it kept going. Yeah. Double. Yeah. Yeah.

[00:27:10] Charlie: Great. Okay. Well, all right. All right. Nice, nice work then tumbled me. That's

[00:27:14] Ben: humbled.

[00:27:16] Charlie: So let's shift gears a little bit because it's so important to talk about what you mentioned earlier, Rob, the, how do parents save for their children , and kids are, you know, young adults.

[00:27:25] How do they save? We've had a lot of parents lately go. I want to get my, my kids started off on the right foot. What's the best way to do it. What's the best account. And I'll okay. Do you all? Yeah.

[00:27:38] Rob: Um, I, I've got the three ways kind of that we we've talked about. Uh, here, you've got of course joint bank accounts that you can do, just like you have with your spouse, with your spouse there, you've got your custodial accounts, which is the UTMA, which we'll get into.

[00:27:55] And then you have w I kind of just, the first salvo, I guess, is the prepaid debit card. If you just want to go out, get, you know, uh, get a debit card that you just. Fun. Whenever your child runs out of money, that's one way to do it. That's probably the first option. People who don't aren't comfortable opening up a bank account or custodial account.

[00:28:17] .

[00:28:17] Yeah. Ben,

[00:28:18] Charlie: what do you think

[00:28:19] Ben: I wish I had, I'd got to do earlier and just like we showed with the compound interest is actually get to save and invest. I mean, my first, my first account was just a custodial savings account at the bank and, uh, or a joint account.

[00:28:32] And that, that was a great place to start saving, just saving my money. But I think, um, really, I would love to have gotten investing early. And like we saw on that and hold and saving for the long-term and the way to do that, I know we've talked about it, the custodial, uh, UTMA accounts, but also the, the custodial Roth IRA.

[00:28:52] Um, Charlie, I think you're actually going through that right now for, for your daughter. Yeah.

[00:28:57] Charlie: I printed out the application and had some other parents asking me about it. Cause Rob, you nailed a couple of great strategies for just savings and spending and we could even get into how to start credit for your kids.

[00:29:09] But I think that's probably easy to put off until 18 early twenties, maybe. Um, but as far as investing and saving, if you want to start that, uh, for your, for your kids, um, , I did just like what you said, Rob? I took my daughter's, uh, sounds terrible. I took her Christmas money. I mean, I, how do I say this?

[00:29:30] Uh, in fact I've got a reputation. All the family. Yeah, there we go. I helped her. I helped her. Thank you. I was, I was really struggling there because everybody in my family was like, do not give your birthday money to your dad. Okay. But my daughter did part with some birthday and Christmas money and I invested before.

[00:29:48] And a joint brokerage account. And so now what I'm going to do is I'm just going to take equivalent cash and start her a custodial Roth. . Now custodial, anything Artemis , uh, custard a Roth becomes the property of the child at the age of majority, which is either 18 or 21, depending on. So it's going to become your, your kids. So just get over that part, whereas a five to nine doesn't ever have to become the property of your child.

[00:30:13] So there's some flexibility there, but in this case, we want our kids to have this. I want my daughter to have her birthday money, Christmas money back. I'm finally going to give it back to her and, and yes, it has multiple. Thank you very much. A couple of times. We'll see. Anyway, up until September of this, put it in there yet.

[00:30:30] Anyway. Um, so I'm going to do a custodial Roth. Now here's a couple of nuts and bolts about the custodial Roth. How young can you do this Schwab, , that's who we're working with. That's up for not the application. I called them. I said, Hey, is there an age limit? You know, Nope, no age limit. Now your custodian, sorry for using the same type of language.

[00:30:47] Let me clarify that. Fidelity, Schwab, Vanguard, who. They are not going to be the police of your custodial Roth. They do not care how old your kid is for them. You know, as far as, especially Schwab. I know that for sure. They're not going to ask. I mean, you're going to put it on the application, but they're not the police of that.

[00:31:02] They're just going to open the custody to a custodial account. They're going to do it now. Here's the rules your, your child has to make. So that's what

[00:31:11] Rob: I was just about to say, Charlie. So I am the police on this, so

[00:31:14] yeah,

[00:31:14] Charlie: you're the police.

[00:31:15] Rob: So now your child, you're not, you're not taking any birthday money and putting it around.

[00:31:19] No, no, no, no money she's earned.

[00:31:20] Charlie: She has to earn money. So my dog, so yeah, thanks for that clarification, Rob, because what I was actually doing is, was breaking the rules. My daughter does earn money so she can contribute now to a Roth. And in anybody, any child can earn money. Here's the sticky wicket. How do I prove if I get.

[00:31:38] Does my child have to file a tax return. Do they have to get a W2? What if they're mowing grass? They're not going to get a W2. So, if they work for a restaurant, they're going to get a W2. , if they work for someone else, they might get a 10 99.

[00:31:49] If they don't then just have records of that income, create a log, you know, making notes of it, uh, show bank accounts or receipts or deposits or something, , because your child, even though they make money, they may not have to file the tax return depending on how much they make. So those are the nuts and bolts of the custodial Roth.

[00:32:08] The limit is right now, $6,000, uh, for our child, they have to make, you can put a hundred percent of their income in it, so they can only put 6,000 in it if they make 6,000. Does that make sense so far? Am I on track here? If

[00:32:23] Ben: they only make 3000, they can't put in 6,000, they can only put in, correct?

[00:32:26] Charlie: Correct. Earn income. .

[00:32:28] Awesome. Yeah. So , last thing I'll say on just savings accounts is the utmost are pretty good. Um, but I th I think depending on the tax laws and things like that, sometimes they lose some of their advanced. So, but, but they're okay. I mean, they're all right.

[00:32:43] I'm not a huge fan of personally. I'd rather do the Roth, but everybody's circumstances are a little different. So,

[00:32:49] Rob: so I've got, um, I, my personal, I'm just going to disagree with disagree there. Charlie, I'll let it out. So. Yep. I think it's important to give them the UTMA is a little bit for, you know, some clients that are maybe a little bit higher or net worth, and it's a uniform transfers to minors, act it expounds upon the UGME, which is, was a little bit older it's uniform gift to minors act where that I think was only securities.

[00:33:16] The UTMA can be money, , real estate, fine art, all of that. If the account allows it obviously, but, but that's covered under the act and. And you're deaf in your example of the birthday money. I love UTMs for that example, because that's a, that expands on the gift act, right? So if there's a gift, that's where you can put that that's a great place for a gift and a TIG to get invested in the market or whatever you want to do with it.

[00:33:42] But that's obviously what we, uh, most of the time advice for longer-term assets, you're going to invest in the market and the UTMA does that fidelity Schwab I'm sure. Almost everyone does that. So that that's kind of where we get it. To, uh, the difference between if it's earning income than a Roth IRA for the kid is great.

[00:34:01] If it's not earned income, then maybe a UTMA works for

[00:34:06] Charlie: no, that's a great point. And I like the point you made too about watching out for, if you think you might get some student aid, uh, then, then those are going to count against you. That's why the 5 29 is really a powerful cause it, it doesn't do that, but.

[00:34:20] Ben: Yeah, and you can give $15,000 a year right now without filing a gift tax return. So if you were going to give money to. Know, that's just something to keep in mind. , the UTMA I think that for the majority of states, I believe it is 21. When the, when the custodian sturdy in ship ins custodial ship ends,

[00:34:40] Rob: uh, Colorado in Tennessee, at least it is.

[00:34:42] Ben: Yeah. Yeah. So. You know when w and we've experienced this with some of our clients, as soon as they turn that age. Well, that money is theirs.

[00:34:50] Rob: That's a good point. And I think it's important. Define some of these terms. So you, if you give them money or if you're a parent and you give your kids some money, that's going to go into a UTMA. You are the donor, you can name a custodian. Usually it's the, still the parent, that's just a custodian and you have a fiduciary duty.

[00:35:08] We've talked all about fiduciaries. If you've heard any of our other podcasts, you have a fiduciary duty to your kid in that scenario. So you have to do what's best for them in managing that investment, which means you can't take any of it.

[00:35:21] Ben: That's right. You can't invest in meme stocks, right? I guess you could.

[00:35:28] Rob: And part of that UTMA though, as far as tax wise is when it does become there, let's say at 21 who is then out on their own is they're taxed on the, any kind of capital gains on that. They're, they're taxed at their rate, not on their parents.

[00:35:43] Yeah. If I'm saying that that's a good

[00:35:45] Charlie: point. Yeah. Taxes and Artemis is, is, uh, not an easy subject. It confounds me continuously.

[00:35:54] Rob: The other part, I think that's important about Roth. IRAs is all the advantages that we've talked about. Roth IRAs, and we maybe do another podcast on that. Let us know, hit me up at Robert, uh, leading edge planning.com, but the Roth IRA.

[00:36:12] Are in a retirement account. However, when you contribute money to them, you can always take that money out because you've already been taxed on it without any penalties, any fees, any taxes. So you can take a take out your contribution amount and that's an important distinction. So some people might say, oh, Roth IRA.

[00:36:30] Well, my kid's 10. He doesn't get to see that until he's 59 and a half. Well, if something happens and he needs. He can take out the mountain. He's contributed now not the part he has earned or it's made, right? Not the part that, um, is getting pounding and gains. Thank you, Ben. Not

[00:36:48] Charlie: the kids call it these days.

[00:36:52] Rob:

[00:36:52] Yeah. Not the gaze. You, if you take out the games, then you're penalized and taxed on the gain. So anyways, I think that's a great thing that a lot of people don't understand is, oh, well, they can actually, they need to buy a car or whatever they can access.

[00:37:05] Yeah. That was contributed now, is that, why is that? May not be wise,

[00:37:09] Charlie: but they could do it. It's like an emergency emergency fund emergency, super remote. And

[00:37:15] Ben: don't buy a new car. Yeah, there we go. Don't

[00:37:18] Charlie: bind, you know, we're coming upon the baby coming up on the end here, but what, what final thoughts?

[00:37:22] You know, Ben, you've got some techniques as a young, young guy, young, newer investor. You've got something you're passionate about. I think you were talking about you'd liked about new cars or something.

[00:37:32] Ben: Oh man. Yeah. I love buying. Uh, I see these fancy, , Mercedes and I'm actually, I'm more of a truck guy, we were admiring a nice Dodge truck the other day.

[00:37:42] Man, I need that. Oh, it's $120,000. Nevermind, but no bug. Yeah. Oh yeah. The T-Rex yeah, the thing is awesome. I'm sure it's always been this way, but we see, we, we see social media that we see our friends with w you know, maybe nice cars we see are, are the people that we look up to with nice cars.

[00:38:01] Um, and we, it's really easy to fall into the trap of obviously wanting that, um, you know, you go to a dealership to get a new car, and they're going to talk you into, instead of maybe buying this used car one. Pay monthly and you can get this nice new car and, uh, and take out a loan for it. And so I would just say, you know, it's not always the best idea just to go and buy a new car.

[00:38:22] It is a, it is a wealth killer. Is that what we put on the sheet there? Charlie? But so, so that's one of the things, you know, don't fall into that temptation. Don't feel like you need to keep up with anybody. Um, number two, I would say is, um, you know, I'm, I'm currently renting property instead of, uh, I don't, I don't own a home right now and I think that's perfectly fine.

[00:38:42] Um, if you look at, if you look at some of the math, we can get into it, the pros and cons, but, um, don't feel like you need to go and just buy a house, right. When you graduate or right as your, uh, your, you know, your, your. You're out in the workforce. Um, you know, there that you may not, it may not actually be, uh, be thrown away money renting, which we hear a lot.

[00:39:02] And then the last one I know we talked about automating your, um, your savings. When you're setting a budget, just take 10, 20, 30 minutes to set a budget you don't have to stick to it, you know, by the penny, by penny, but make sure you have at least a savings goal , you can do it on an app. You can do it right now. Take out your phone and set a savings. I have a transfer and money into my savings account. Every, every few days it just transfers money into the. That has helped me tremendously with saving. I don't like to look at my, my account statements very often.

[00:39:31] I don't like to look at what I'm spending my money on, which is not, not necessarily a great thing, but I have a budget budgeted out where I know I'm meeting my savings. And I'm able to, um, to, you know, buy the things that I need, um, by doing that. So that has been really helpful to me. Those are the things that I'm passionate about.

[00:39:48] Charlie: I love it. Well, put you get off my pedestal. Drop the mic box. Yeah. Oh, total drop. That that's expensive. Rob, what do you got, man?

[00:40:00] Rob: That's all I got really? He nailed it. We've talked. Uh, we talked quite a bit. They did talk to mentality the use of money, tangible. The savings or automation, the three different ways to joint custodial and prepaid debit card that mothers, and obviously Roth IRAs.

[00:40:16] Charlie, what do you got anything to wrap it up? Oh boy,

[00:40:18] Charlie: this is a good one. I just love what Ben said, you know, set goals that are important to you. Not somebody else. We see so many people with this FOMO, right. And they're missing out. They feel like they're missing out, but it's like take the time as a young person to go.

[00:40:33] What do I want? And go after that. If you don't ever do that, then you're going to be constantly trying to meet a goal or benchmark that's moving on. You constantly and you will drive yourself crazy. I hope that makes sense to people, a lot of people say, it's know your values. That's a little bit vague and maybe, uh, a platitude of sorts, but know what's important to you and then write it down.

[00:40:59] And then set those goals because it's the L keeping up with the Joneses and we just see so many people through the whole life chasing this unattainable money goal. And then sometimes they get it and guess what? They're disappointed because it wasn't what they really wanted all along.

[00:41:17] So know what you want, know what's important to you and go through. That's it.

[00:41:21] Ben: I've just, I've just, I love that. That that's such a good point. He made me think of one more, one more thing that I find important right now. Um, we're in Tennessee just recently, uh, passed the, uh, the sports gambling act. I don't know what it's called, but you can now gamble on sports.

[00:41:38] And it's very tempting. If you can do it through an app on your phone and it tells you that it has pretty, uh, you know, graphics and everything that pop up when you win and they say you can win tons of money. And, um, you know, every day they say, they say, Um, and I think it's the same with some of the Robin hood stuff that you see on commercials.

[00:42:00] Um, I was seeing, I saw a Coinbase commercial the other day, and it's like, you know, you go and buy doge coin. It was literally a thing about dose going and how it was started as a joke, but you can go and invest in it and coordinate. So I would just say stick to the, you know, have your, have your long-term money that you're saving and don't, don't try and gamble it away on literally gambling or, um, these meme stocks trying to try to win it all on, uh, you know, following people on Reddit or in these Twitter groups or whatever it is.

[00:42:29] Um, you know, that will cause more stress in the long run. Most likely you're going to lose money. You're not going to be able to beat the market. We just, I'm, I'm an expert investor, as we all know. And I, I just lost to the game. So, I mean, right there, you can't beat the market. Um, no, but, um, I really think like as a young person, especially creating those habits and not falling into this trap of trying to, um, gamble your money away and really invest in investing is not gambling and, and really learning about that and sticking to that.

[00:42:59] I

[00:42:59] Rob: love it. Nice. That's it. All right. I've got the two quotes to wrap it up. We're not a fan of everything Dave Ramsey says, but this one I am. You've got to tell your money what to do, or it will leave. They Ramsay. If we command our wealth, we shall be rich and free. If our wealth commands us, we are poor indeed.

[00:43:17] By Edmund Burke, we've arrived at our final destination. Let us be the first to welcome you to the end of flight eight. Thank you for joining us here at the pilot money guys podcast. If you liked what you heard, please hit that subscribe button and leave a review so we can reach more people. If you have any questions or you'd like to, uh, anything answered on the show, she does email info@leadingedgeplanning.com or robert@leadingedgeplanning.com.

[00:43:42] And as Emerson said, the world makes way for those who don't know where they are going. So plan accordingly. Thanks for listening. Take care.

[00:43:52] Voice Actor: Thank you for listening to the pilot money guys podcast. It has been our pleasure to share some information with you today. Give us a call to discuss absolutely any investment question. You may have click on the subscribe button below to be notified when new episodes become available. Visit leading edge planning.com to learn more.

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Pilot Money Guys

The Pilot Money Guys: Winter Is Coming!

Pilot Money Guys: Winter is Coming!

I’ll admit I’m a sucker for survival reality shows, particularly shows about people living in Alaska and the Arctic. It’s always amazing to watch as spring starts, these folks must jump right into preparing for the next long winter. With months of darkness, freezing weather, and almost no food available to catch, these folks need to be proactive to have a chance of making it through a successful winter.

There’s a winter coming in our financial lives too. Indeed, there is a chill in the air! It’s time to start preparing now, so that we not only survive the next market crash but thrive. There are plenty of actions we can take now to not only protect us from losing everything, but take advantage of the next crash.

In this episode of The Pilot Money Guys podcast, we are going over how we go from reacting to acting, from surviving to thriving, from freezing and starving to sitting inside your cabin with a nice fire and a moose steak to boot.

Thank you for listening! If you’d like to have a conversation with us about your financial life, please reach out at info@leadingedgeplanning.com or calling 865-240-2292.

 

Podcast Transcription:

Rob: tip of the cap to you folks.

So welcome to the special edition only for our premium platinum plus VIP select club level members. Dang, we're calling it. Winter is coming now. I know your friends may be asking you, how do I become a premium platinum plus VIP select club level member? Well, it's. You simply download the podcast on iTunes, Spotify, and somewhere else.

I can't really remember your radio Stitcher, Stitcher, and you'll have access to over 13 podcasts of premium platinum plus VIP select club level content and go to YouTube, YouTube and YouTube. YouTube. Yeah, obviously I'm just kidding. All of our listeners, our premium platinum plus VIP select club level members.

So tell your friends and they can become one too. All right. Enough of that. I'm your host wealth manager, Rob. Backlund nice. Some people that I don't like very much call me rubber mallet, but today we have the godfather certified financial planner. Charlie Mattingly. Welcome Charlie, yes, sir. And of course our executive producer and vice-president of podcasting, Mr.

Cal bell, Ben Dickinson. Nice.

Ben: Good to be here. Thanks for the title. Upgrade.

Rob: You bet you you've earned it, buddy. Uh, we're going to start off with a joke of the day. Hold on all day, all you CPAs out there. Kevin, we apologize up front, but here it is. How do you know if your CPA is an extrovert? Because not a CPE because he looks at your shoes when he's talking to you.

That's courtesy of Chris brown.

Charlie: Nice. That's an outgoing CPA right there.

Rob: Fantastic. Let's get into some aviation news. Charlie.

Charlie: All right. Excellent. Excellent. So, uh, everybody loves top 10 lists. So we have one, we have what we found one on bit Luxe, travel.com, top 10 pilots of all time history. I know everybody's done. Yes. Are we on it? I mean, that's what everybody

Rob: wants to know.

Well, there's a guy named Charles on there. Yeah.

Charlie: Top 10 greatest all time. Great pilots in history, according to bit Luxe, travel.com now, um, let's see. I think we start with number one. What's your wants to they didn't number them. Yeah, that's gotta be, well, I'm going to start with number 10 then. All right. Ready? Number 10. Well, let me share my screen with you.

So. The folks on YouTube can, can kind of play along with us here. So here we go. Number 10, Robert Hoover, Robert, he were Bob Hoover's. Anybody know anything about Bob Hoover? Rob

Ben: I'm reading here. He's from Nashville, Tennessee,

Rob: a giant in the community.

Charlie: I've seen him in every air show I've ever been to. And he's always flown this.

Multi-engine like corporate area. And like, that's the weirdest thing ever. It's you know, it's, it's impressive. But I had no idea. He was like an air force fighter pilot during world war II. Oh,

Rob: I didn't know that. Oh man. Yeah. He's, he's incredible. I loved the little spiel there about him becoming a pow and then stealing a plane, a German plane and rescue, and you're flying it out of there.

That's wow. I probably have.

Charlie: Am I talking about the same guy that does the air shows you I'm talking about, right? Yeah. You've seen him before. Yeah. But man, this guys it's decorated. He's crazy. So, all right. That's number 10. Number nine, Eric Hartman. I've never heard of Eric Hartman. He became famous as a fighter pilot during world war II Hartman was a German fighter pilot who would eventually become known as the best in history.

He flew 1,404 combat missions down 352 enemy air. Including seven American fighters. Great. This

Rob: one I'm going to, I might have to throw in just because he's not there. And we already talked about a little bit in the pre-show prep was general Robin olds. Isn't on the list. I might throw him in

Charlie: there. Yep.

That's right. Yeah, we can replace the German. Yep. That's right. All right. Number seven general Chuck Yeager. Chuck Yeager retired us air force fighter pilot forties, 1947 came the first pilot in history to have traveled the speed of sound reaching one Mach 1.07, living to tell about it.

Rob: I flew him on a Southwest flight.

Really? No big deal. Absolutely. It was the landing. It was pretty good. I would say strong to quite strong. Wow. Chuck wouldn't have been as sacrament.

Charlie: Wow, too. Cool. All right. Uh, help me keep track here. Numbers. Chelsea Sully Sullenberger. No, I think we all know about Sally landed in a river somewhere and, and everybody

Rob: was safe and he, uh, went to the prestigious United States air force academy, air force academy as well.

Yeah.

Ben: They have an academy for air force,

Charlie: but, um, in the air force, but I'm not mistaken. I don't see that on here, but yeah, he'd lived. Okay. Yeah. I don't know. I mean, he's, I think it's a contemporary look. He did a good job. I think there's some recency bias going on there. Quite honestly. It's recent. We remember it.

So he's on the list. Otherwise, I don't know. Uh,

Ben: great nickname to Sally, Sally,

Charlie: people like that. That helps. All right. Noelle vine, this, he must be German. Oh, he's American.

Rob: I mean, we got, we got an Alaskan on here.

Charlie: American aviator introduced the airplane to Alaska. What

Rob: Alaskans have more airplanes per resident than any other state take that.

Wow, that's

Charlie: great. He was known for his resilience, which needed to be, uh, needed to establish a commercial airline of Frigidaire line. That's crazy. He reportedly, still flew and diagnosed with polio and even continue to fly after losing one of his eyes due to injury in 1940s. Wow. Crazy. Okay. Faster. That's the health exam.

Yeah, no kid. And that's it. You can fail FAA exam like that. Refer to. Our last podcast, right on disability. Yeah. All right. Uh, faster funnier general James Doolittle. Ah, we know about James Doolittle. Holy cow. He does definitely deservedly on the, on the list. Baron Manfred Von Rick, another,

Rob: another German,

Charlie: the German red, the red Baron, the red bear.

They named the pizza after him. Fair enough. Yeah, it must be good. Yup. Amelia Earhart. The ladies are representative. Awesome. Very, very high on the list was Amelia Earhart born in Kansas in 1897. She shook up flying in her twenties. No, she took it up. She didn't shake it up. We took it off. Well kind of shook it up.

I was going to say that's true. That's relevant. She shook

Rob: it up to fly across the Atlantic by

Charlie: herself. Right. That's incredible general Charles Lindbergh. All right. We know him as well. So thank you. Most well-known pilot in the world. Charles Lindbergh got his start in aviation as a parachutist and wing Walker.

Hmm. So Charles Lindbergh was not the first transplant flight ever, but it was the first solo flight of it's CAD. So that's pretty cool. He went to the, or it looks like he went to west point. He reached the rank of Bridget Brigadier general, like you said, Ben metal of honor in 1927, distinguished flying cross 1927 and the congressional golden.

  1. Number one, any guesses.

Ben: This is two people. It's kind of

Charlie: two people. Yeah. Wilbur and Orville Wright. Number one, I forgot to wait for the drum roll their most famous of all pilots known as flight pioneers. The Wright brothers invented, built and flew the world's first successful motorized airplane took off from kitty Hawk, December 17th, 19 three.

The brothers also invented aircraft controls, making fixed wing flights possible. Wow. Pretty cool. Yeah, that's

Rob: cool. Cool. We'll have to, maybe next time we'll come up with the top 10 all time. Great pilots in movies.

Charlie: Oh, pilots, that actors that played pilots?

Rob: Uh, no, just their characters. Oh, okay. You know, Ted striker.

Oh, that's right. Whose well, here in the pilot. Nice disregard. All right. Excellent. I like it. Anything else on the aviation news front?

Charlie: No, I think Ben's got something though. I, I got a shout out,

Ben: a shout out our own, our own COO Lisa and all the, uh, the, the Marine spouses out there. We had some, uh, she was, she was filling us in on some, some pretty, actually really awesome stuff about, uh, About what's going on in Afghanistan.

And she's a part of a Facebook group of Marine spouses that helped to try and bring some people, some, some translators home and, uh, really did some awesome work. She was sharing us some, some stories from there and some Facebook posts and it was really incredible. Yeah.

Charlie: I don't know. Do you guys get a chance to read those?

Absolutely. Yeah. , it's pretty amazing. What's been going on, you know, it's been pretty tragic, since mid August all hell broke loose in Afghanistan, we're going to avoid talking and placing blame right now and avoid politics right now because what's important is that we get people out right now.

Um, we can talk about the other stuff later. Now. What's cool about this situation. Is that the Marine there's a Marine Corps, a U S M C officer's spouse group on Facebook. And they put all that other stuff aside and they said, let's do something. And so these, these gals, and I'll say gals, because they are,, and, and most of them have Marine Corps husbands on the ground, either over in Afghanistan or, Helping out a state departments in various places.

So this has just been amazing. And to the crux of the story here, these spouses got on Facebook and they said, all right, we're going to coordinate to locate people in Qubole and we're going to get them the heck out of there. So, I mean, How does that happen? I mean, that's awesome. Awesome. Those two, those girls in that group, those spouses group, because let me just read a couple of real quick here.

And this is kind of, they're just coordinate and talking and communicating to people through WhatsApp, Facebook phone, whatever, anywhere in the world, anywhere in the country. One of them says, hello, I need some help. I need the help of some miracle workers. My husband's interpreters family is in or by the water canal, outside the Abbey.

At the Qubole airport. My husband has worked with the state department. I believe all the paperwork is complete. The family's name is, and this is the Afghany family. They're carrying white papers that say professional, the Taliban has been searching for them and they are desperate. I have phone numbers and copies of letters if needed.

So this just, there's just hundreds of these messages going on and on back and forth like, Hey, uh, there's one here. Update. Please help. We have a translators waiting at the north gate. He and his family are trying to get through. It's him, his wife and five children. Can anyone help? He has a passport. They are desperate.

The situation is worsening and we knew, you know, last Thursday was, was terrible. And, uh, but this was prior to that. So they're getting people out of there, you know, there's, you're not going to see this stuff on the news. And again, you're going to see bad stuff on the news. We need to hear that stuff too.

It's important, but this is just ladies making it happen and getting people out of there that helped the U S for the last 20 years. , and the allies. Yeah. The last one I read here is just a really cool meme of, uh, and I'm not going to share this on our screen just for, we don't want people's names up here and all that kind of stuff.

But, uh, one of the spouses, uh, posts a meme with a little baby saying yes, and, the spouse makes a comment on Facebook and says, holy hell. Y'all our guy is safe. Our guy is safe. The Marine spouse mafia has pulled off something, the state department and multiple other groups haven't been able to do that.

This group can move mountains and we could run the whole damn world. So I think that's really cool hats off to those Marine spouses to, to just step up and take the initiative and get it done. I mean, that's incredible. I just can't even say enough for those that took part in that and the difference that they made and even if it was one life they got out of there, one person, it was many more than that, but they save lives.

I mean, that's just. That is incredible.

Ben: Yeah, it really is. And not, not to downplay them, but just, there's just so many groups that were doing that too and helping out and trying to find people and just, just it really, the amount of there's a lot of power. We have a lot of power if we team up and, you know, we can get a lot done and it's, it's pretty inspiring.

It is

Rob: pretty cool. Just, just for a moment here, let's take a, take a second to remember the Marines that actually would. Fell during that Afghanistan, uh, you know, just, I guess we're recording this and August 30th, 2021 this last week. So we're going to take a moment of silence here in this room.

It's pretty, pretty extraordinary what our service men members have gone through. And thanks for sharing that, Charlie, and looking at it up cause it's, it's super important. So, absolutely. Thanks for that. We're going to move on now to our financial topic of the day, which is, you know, comes out of the game of Thrones.

Obviously winter is coming, a market downturn will have. We don't know when we don't know for how long, but we can say with confidence, which we don't say a whole lot, necessarily in this business, but we can say with certainty, I should say that a market downturn will happen. Charlie, what do you think?

Well, let's just, let's define this. Let's let's start putting some, uh, let's start filling in this picture a little bit. Let's define what is a correction, a recession, a depression. Um, what do you think? W what do you got on that? Yeah. So

Charlie: if you look at the headlines enough, and I look at the news, I love which enough, which I've kind of tapered off over the years because you see the same headlines over and over again.

So-and-so expert predicts, so-and-so expert predicted. So it's really a way to sell newspapers and, you know, those places have to sell commercials and ads. So they get on there and they talk about this, but it happens all the time. So what let's talk about a correction, you know, the correction is coming is going to be a headline.

Just go ahead and put it out there. Ben, put me on the headline somewhere. Predicting the next correction it's going to happen. Correction is defined as a 10% decline. Yeah. Or more. I would S I should say, so guess what, let me, let me share something here. Just with our YouTube folks. Maybe they can see this, but.

Corrections happen almost every single year. In fact, it's a really rare exception when they don't happen, because on average it happens every year. And let me just read this. This is from JP Morgan asset management. They update this every single year and I find it fascinating. So basically, despite if in fact, let me just correct.

Correct here every year we average 14.3% decline. Within the year. So it's intra year, not calendar year. It just so happens that we as human beings like to look from January. To December the marks, this talk market does not care about January to December. It happens anywhere in between all the time.

 . Let me read this slide real quick. Despite the average injury, your drop a 14.3% annual returns were positive 31 of the last 41 years. And I think this is data from 19, uh, 1980. Here. It is on the, on the slide here, 1980 to 2021.

 What do you all think about that?

Rob: Yeah, I, uh, just to kind of wrap that up a little bit, or, you know, the point here I'm going to steal that. Tony Robins, a little bit of his book on shakeable. He's got freedom fact number one on when we were, when we start talking about declines and it's on average corrections have occurred about once a year since the 19 hundreds.

So even if we go back farther once a year, since 1900, uh, uh, it's just, you know, we, we tend to look at the stock market. If you look at the graph of the stock market, we pull back and when you pull way back and you look at it from the a hundred thousand foot. It looks like everything's going up.

Everything's great. But if you zoom in, that's when you see it's the Rocky mountains out there, things are going up and down and sideways and, and, uh, and I think a lot of people, if you know that it's easier to weather the storms. Yeah,

Charlie: absolutely.

Ben: . Yeah. I remember looking back, um, just to the beginning of March of last year.

Yeah. I was looking at,, how could I not tell that,, COVID was going to happen and crashed the economy and then you look back and it's like down 7%, one day up 5% of the next day down, 6% up, 8% down, 10%, you know, it just goes up and down. But you know, back in my head, Well, all of a sudden on March 23rd, this sidebar had just crashed and that's not really, that's not exactly how it works over the course of a few days and maybe a week.

But yeah, like you said, you zoom in, you see that it's a lot harder to, uh, to really predict these. And when you kind of zoom out and look at it from a macro scale.

Rob: So I think it's important. This is kind of leading right into the next definition, which is a recession, right? So we have a correction decline of 10%.

And then Travis, basically every year yeah. Happens all the time. And then a recession, right. Is a little bit worse. Yeah. It could be a lot worse, I guess, but it's defined as at least six months or two quarters of a negative GDP gen generally identified as a falling GDP or two consecutive quarters of economic decline.

So that's a recession and those happen as well, often. And

Charlie: yet

Ben: do you got, was it was that last year? Was that even officially a recession?

Charlie: The shortest one on record, the shortest one to

record.

Rob: Okay. GDP decline. Yeah. Yeah,

Charlie: yeah. And so the interesting thing about recessions is most of the time, we don't know where in one until it's almost over and we certainly don't know we're out of it.

Way later. Yeah.

Rob: It's can't even be identified and tell you've had it and tell it's been going on for six months. Yep. You can't even technically consider it a recession. Yeah. So

Charlie: that's the fascinating thing about, what do we do? Well, it's like, you don't even know you're in one, the, the information is so delayed and oftentimes the, the economic board, I forget their official name.

They'll go back and they'll revise that they'll change. for several quarters afterwards as well. So, uh, it's just really hard to, to take action on those kinds of things. Cause, even if you know, you know, we're in a recession or there's going to be a recession, if you don't know the exact timing of that, it's not usable information.

Rob: Right. And those, those a recession happens on average since again, since 1900, every four years. But. It's not like clockwork. It's not like you can set your watch. Oh, four years from now. There's going to be a recession. You can't do that. It's a boom and bust cycle.

And it's changing all the time. Right now. We're in, I think we're in one of the longest expansion periods on record. Maybe not right now because of the COVID. But prior to that, yeah, it was one of the longest expansion periods on record in it and it changes. So we still know what's going to happen.

Charlie: Yeah, Robert, how are we successful going into, during and out of a recession or a correction or whatever it might be.

There are things that we can do. We don't have to sit on our hands, which is really nice to know. Cause I think that's what drives people crazy. I feel like I should do something. In fact, the action that people tend to take is sometimes destructive. We'll talk about that in a minute. We don't believe that you can time these things.

We don't believe you can. Timecode. I think we learned that I think most people would agree. Although at this moment, we're probably now starting to hear about people that, oh, they did know the top and the bottom, but last March, I didn't hear anybody proclaiming the bottom at a time. I was listening. I promise you I was listening.

So what happens, you know, what happened? During these times we get emotional. We get scared. We want to pull our money out. Right. That's the action that we want to take. We don't think that's the right action. We think that's very risky to pull all your money out of the market. The reason I think it's risky is because when do you get back?

And so I pulled the slot, you know, Rob you. And I did that. What lies ahead? And this is a, this is a great slot. Let me try to give the proper credit to people here. This is visual capitalist, the advisor edition, I think advisor dot visual capitalist, and they're really amazing information. So you guys, it was a

Rob: terrible YouTube or not, I don't think.

Charlie: Look at that, but you all tell me, when are you going to get back in the market in 2020? Was there a good time? I mean, April 3rd, global COVID surpasses 1 million, April 20th, oil prices go negative. We had protests, we had violence all through the summer. Did you all know in July 28th, Iran fires a mock at a mock us aircraft.

So I'm assuming they didn't know as mock aircraft carrier. I don't know. But you didn't hear about that? Um, record wildfires last August. Oh, by the way, there was just little thing that happened, early November. We'll called, uh, the election. Right? So you're going to get back in, or just prior to an election that was as divisive as last year.

Ben: I think, and like you said, this is like, when do you get back in? Okay. You may wait. Okay. I'm going to wait a month and see what, see how things are. And then you're like, oh gosh, oil prices go negative for the first time you wait another month. Oh, okay. Well now we're getting all these riots and next month I ran, you know, it's just every time there's always an excuse in a pretty good one to not get back in, actually.

Yeah. If I heard about that Iran thing, I'd be

Charlie: scared. That's right.

Rob: I know. Get to this in a second, but if you're getting out to you're missing out on buying when things are low, when stocks are low and, you know, just to think about it, a full cycle, if you will, of the economy lasts about 4.7 years, 3.2 on average.

Again, these are averages 3.2 years of growth. And then at 1.5 year recession. So that's kind of the cycle that doesn't happen exactly like that all the time. It's obviously the averages of it. Yeah. So, so you just don't know when things are going to happen. So if you're out, I mean the market can turn really quickly and it's erratic and, and the downturns can be deep.

And if you're out, the up, the upside can be very steep obviously. Is that, is it definitely, if you're looking at the YouTube, it's a V. Recovery. Yeah. The stock

Charlie: market. Yeah. Rob, those are great points, man. I love that. The statistic, we use that a lot and when we plan for people's retirement, they need income in a, in a few years, let's say, and my mom retired in 2020, so she's the perfect case study.

And she, we didn't have to sell anything because she was prepared for that. Like you just said about a year and a half is. You know, we double that. We triple that. We make sure that someone has secure income just prior and into retail so that they don't have to worry about the stock market going down.

 Your, your income is not going to be compromised. If we have a recession, it can't be, we have to plan for that. And we do. And, and what I have right now up on the screen, What it looks like in real life and you hear stories, you're going to hear stories and fly with people.

I got out in March. Uh, I don't know, one, whatever the top was. I got back in late March but most of the time, this is what happens., this person that you're seeing on the screen here and we'll talk to it here, they stayed in the market. Uh, it was tough. It was, it was like, uh, 12 round boxing match. You're getting pummeled all year long, basically. And Ben, like you mentioned earlier, if you look at the month by month return, it was nasty and it was nasty until about mid summer, late, late fall into the last two months of the year, knocked it out of the park.

This person is stuck with it because we went into , 2020 with a game plan. We knew when they were going to retire, we knew how much they needed to be safe. You know, nothing was compromised. Their retirement goals were intact. They stayed with it. They were, we were proactive when we were prepared for this, even though we didn't know what was gonna happen or when, so they were up, they finished that a conservative portfolio.

They were up pretty decent. So this is what it looks like. You stick with it and it's hard. It's not easy. You want to do something. There are other things to do. We're going to talk about and

Ben: onscreen, we're seeing the eight, 8.2. Yeah. Over over that time.

Charlie: Yeah, not quite a full year to December. And that's a dollar increase of about a hundred thousand bucks on the screen there.

And

Rob: just to, to clarify for again, for our podcast listeners, we're looking at a slide that shows, this is an investor who stuck with the market. And at the end of almost a year here, they were up 8.2.

Charlie: Yeah, but a hundred thousand bucks in dollar terms. So it's hard to believe that you could go through a year like that.

We just talked about all this stuff that happened, but yet we're up similar person, very similar timeframe, very similar asset level decided that they were going to get out and not just like, Hey, I'm not afraid, but I want to get out. And then that way, if it goes lower, I can reinvest back in and like talking about this stuff, that's really not.

Reasonable to do or execute for that matter because Ben, what you said earlier is it goes down one day, 10% up 10%. We had, we had multiple days like that last March, April, and maybe even into may. So getting a clear picture on that while you're in that battle is nearly impossible. Is this the day that a rebalance and buy, sell my cash and go back into, you know, I mean, it's just not clear ever during the.

So this person really never found the entry point., they exited probably right at the bottom March timeframe, and then just waiting for the time to get back in. You know, there is no time. There's never a great time to get back in. Finally, in November, December timeframe that the money goes back in, end up with a minus 4%, a dollar value down about $45,000.

So again, twos to investors. The the difference there is about 150,000, $145,000 swing in that one year between an investor a and investor B, that's just a case study. And when people tell me,, Hey, the market's up right now this year to date. I don't know what it is exactly, but it's up.

Hey, I want to get out right now because like you said, Rob, the storm is coming. The winter is coming and I would just want to preserve the gain that I have. Okay. That's a logical and reasonable. But then my next question is, well, when do you get back in? Do you stay out forever? When w what's your trigger?

What's your magic signal? There is none. And getting back in is the challenge, and that's where people lose. I'm okay with taking your 10% rate or, , return and running. But how do you get back in that's where people really lose, just like you're seeing on the screen that we're showing it's $150,000 difference in the two similar investors.

And I don't think you can ever get that back. You all my mind, am I wrong? How do you get it back?

Rob: Nope. You, you don't get that back. Yeah. And you're gonna, you're gonna suffer for that. Um, hopefully you learn from it and you don't make the same mistake when the next downturn comes, which we know is coming, obviously.

So those are the tale of two cities, right? Two people right there, 50,000. Yeah. And, uh, the percentages on those at 3.9% and 8.2% gain versus the loss of the 3.9%. And that's, that is why even the, for the folks. Um, now again, we're looking at a slide where the guy got out or a guy or gal got out at the bottom of the market and then tried to get back in.

It's a certain point. And there it's a perfect example of, they just, they sold when the stocks were low and they bought when stocks were high and the exact opposite way. What do you want to do? And it just goes to, the, the whole thought process. Nobody can consistently predict whether the market will rise or fall. And even for the folks that the time to perfectly say you timed it perfectly and you got out right before COVID. The chances of you timing it perfectly to get back in are slim to none, right?

Charlie: Yeah, you're right. And that's a great transition Rob into, well, what, what does this look like in real life?

When I get out of the market, when the news headline is scary and I get it back in when the coast is clear, which those two things we, we don't know, so what does that look like? Well, I can tell you. To get out of the market when things are scary means you go in your account and you sell apple, Amazon,, you name at and T whatever company, mutual fund, I'm talking to mutual funds, ETFs.

If you own individual stocks, you got to sell that stuff and you're locking in losses when you sell it. You're, you know, people say I'm going to be more conservative when things get bad. Well, if you wait until things get bad, And then you become more conservative. That means you're selling and taking a permanent loss and people say, no, it's not permanent because it's going to continue to go down.

Then I re-invest my cash. Well, no, it's going to be stuck. Never happens the way we think it's going to, uh, for example, 2020. So the average investor does very poorly. This is the average of Beck equity investor, about 3% from the 20 year, uh, period of 2001 to 2006. The average equity investor, according to this JP Morgan, we're sharing here.

Think the information comes from Dalbar. So now there's a debate. Some of this information is debatable. You know, maybe they didn't take into consideration costs of investing, et cetera, et cetera. But no, and the last, the point is clear that by becoming more conservative during scary times, we sell low. If we get back in the market, we're buying.

Later on down the road. So that's what it looks like in real life, but we, the language we use is sounds so much better. I'm going to get out, you know, I'm going to get back in later. That sounds pretty cool. Selling at a loss sounds terrible. And that's, that's really the reality. So,

Rob: and if you think you somehow are one with the market, just realize that some of the smartest hedge fund managers in the world.

Have tried to do this and failed and they continue to fail again. No one has met anyone who can consistently time the market. No one has met anyone. Who's met anyone who can consistently time the market. And some of these people, these hedge fund managers, who've got, you know, Harvard degrees, tons of letters behind their name, all access to all kinds of information that you and I will never dream of having have failed to time the market.

. So how do we prepare? What do we do? Obviously we're pilots. So I talk about that. We always talk about simulating it chair, flying it. Be ready. We know winter's coming. We know a recession is coming. We know a corrections. So we need to be ready for that emotionally because of, uh, you know, since caveman days, our emotional response to those kinds of fight or flight, uh, scenarios is usually wrong when it comes to investing.

But if you're ready for it, then you can be, you take the emotion out of it and get it. Charlie, what are some of these strategies that we use so that we can do well, even in the downturn, right? Yeah.

Charlie: I'm sorry to keep interrupting there, but I'm just dying to jump in and get out of here because there's a lot of stuff we can do.

And that's the, that's the misconception is like you just sit on your hands and put up with it. Well, And people say, are you passive? I'm like, well, what does that mean? I hate that word because we're proactive. We're going to plan in, in the flying world, we're going to chair fly the heck out of this. , that's an air force thing maybe I guess, but, um, we're going to practice, we're going to run simulators. We're gonna, talk about it. We're going to study it with our clients, and we're going to show them and, uh, what it's going to look like when this does happen, and I think.

It is like flying. There's some mental preparation. There's some value to that mental preparation, because cause Rob, you said emotionally, it's very difficult once it happens. And Ben, before we got on, you're talking about, Hey, people that have poor balance sheets, they suffer a lot because the stress is multiplied.

If you're a person that's got cash paid off your debt, you're saving a recession is a little bump in the road. Maybe stress. But you got you're buttoned up. You're good to go. In fact, I showed you all the texts. Uh, a friend of mine always has way too much cash because he's afraid to do anything with it all the time.

So I texted him last, March 20, 20. He said, Jason, put your money to work now it's mid-March and it was still nasty. And he said, no way, no way. I said, look, you got cash. There is no recession. If you've got a strong balance sheet, get your money to work. Now's the time. You make money, but it's hard, really hard to do.

So what does that send me a simulator look like? And I've got something on the screen here, but I'll also talk to it. Uh, but basically we simulate people's lives. What's important to you. What do you want to do? What does retirement look like? What's your vision. Then we put price tags to all that stuff.

You know, it's like, ah, this seems like a, uh, an exercise and yeah. Wasting my time, whatever, but it's important to know what you want to do in retirement. It's important to know how much that's going to cost. Then like the simulator we're going to fail an engine or two. What if now you, we have a bad stock market.

What if we have a bad stock market when you're 50? Ah, well, not a big deal. You know, we can survive. We can be fine. What if you have one, when you retire from the airlines at 65 current retirement age, the year you retire, like in 2008, when, when the retirement age was. We had a lot of pilots retiring right into 2008 at age 60.

I just like to be those, those people. So that's the, one of the bad timing scenarios that we run because is one of, I'm not going to say the worst case scenario because of course we could have Armageddon and blah-blah-blah and all that stuff, but it's a tough one and it's a unlucky scenario. So we run that scenario and we go, okay.

Here's what you need to do right now to be prepared for that terrible scenario. Again, the point here is that a recession tomorrow for most of us that are in our accumulating years is not the worst case scenario. The one that you really need to watch out for is the year that you retire. If we have a recession and the stock market tanks, what are you going to do?

And are you prepared? And there's a lot of things that you can do. And, and again, running those scenarios brings a lot of those solutions to the store. Ben, what do you think?

Ben: Yeah, when I think about, just preparing one thing that, comes to my mind is.

Is making sure you have some cash on hand, you have your emergency fund, you have the basics taken care of, I guess you'd say. You can,, avoid , having to sell your investments in a downturn to, to be prepared.

And a lot of that is what we were talking about. You know, we simulate this and we say, Hey, w what, what kind of income do you need in return? We're going to make sure you have that, that way. If, if something even worst case scenario, instead of pulling from your investments that are down, you're going to pull from other areas.

Maybe it's a pension, maybe it's an annuity. Maybe it's bonds, you'll pull from other areas and, that's how we can be proactive, and then maybe when they're Haddish coming, you're going to be like, well, why aren't we selling our stocks? Stocks are falling.

Yeah. Well it's because guess what, actually, you're, you're, you're covered as far as your income. You don't, if you don't need the money from those stocks, Why are you worried? We have the statistics on how often the, or how long these recessions last as, as we've talked about already. But, at least for having a few years of income or, you know, uh, taken care of, and then you don't have to worry as much, um, you know, about the recession, don't worry about

Rob: it. That a statistic again, is a recession lasts, usually lasts about 15 months and the average expansion is 48 months.

So, um, the great recession, even in 2008, 2009 lasted for 18 months. And that was the longest period of economic decline since world war II. Wow. So it doesn't happen a whole lot. And I think it's just so important. Like you're alluding to Ben that you have those different assets that you can pull from,

Ben: and in that time, just that time from really quick, uh, if we, we saw it last year, I mean, if you were 100% equities, even if you're down, you know, you got, you went down, maybe 30%, you were recovered by August.

So even if you were 100% stock, you were recovered, that's pretty amazing. That's the S and P 500, of course we're looking at, but that's pretty amazing. And that's so fast.

 

 

Charlie: . . .

A lot of people, you know, Rob, I know you're doing it now, but when I was flying, people would say, man, this next downturn is going to be terrible. This next recession, terrible. I'm like, well, maybe you shouldn't buy the new truck and maybe you should save some cash. I'm stepping off to Florida. Hey, that's too close to home.

I'm hitting too close to home now. But yeah, you know, do the basics and have the basic discipline and the recession comes along. It's a natural part of the economy. It sounds scary. It sounds like somebody screwed something up when we have a recession, but it's a natural part of the economy. , the last thing I'll say before we let you all wrap it up is , we're, we're proactive.

We do all the planning. We think about it. We talk about it, we prepare for it. We know what's going to happen. And then once it happens, it's still difficult, but at least we know what decisions we've talked about in my head. Now, what about when it happens? Do we just sit there on our hands and do nothing because we're not going to sell, w we'd rather not sell unless the client just can't stand it.

And that means we didn't do a good job of evaluating risk going into that, but what are, what can we do once all hell breaks, loose, such as last March. There's lots of things. And the most profitable. One of the most profitable thing to do is take that opportunity. If you're an equity investor, especially.

Is to rebalance with an S equity asset classes. You know, like let's say international does poorly us does great. Well, you're going to sell some over us and you're going to buy some international. , . The other one is, think about taxes, able to look for tax loss, harvesting opportunities.

And,, there are some rules on that and some tax rules on that you got to follow, but there's a great opportunity there to save taxes. , especially if you've got another capital gain that's fairly large and you're trying to exit that business. You could save money on taxes by looking at a tax loss, harvesting, you know, at those opportunities.

And they'll show up there and in, in the Tom's like last March, and then finally, it's a great time, Ben, I think you mentioned it earlier to reassess. Hi Emma. There am I in the right risk bucket? , so those are some things that you can do during,, the, the downturn instead of just sitting on your hands. However, most of the work should be done prior to that. And the last thing I'll say, I promise this is really the last thing I'll say is that if you're nervous about a recession, uh, think about the worst case scenario, which was going to happen when you retire, you can save a little more and you can negate the effects of that.

We've seen it mathematically. You're not emotionally. Now it's still gonna be difficult. If you're nervous about that situation, we can run the numbers. We can show you exactly how to negate that scenario and how to keep it from affecting your retirement goals in the, and that's very doable, you know, so that, that's what we recommend is preparing for that way in advance.

So now I'm really done

Rob: abs, uh, it's great stuff, Charlie. And I just to kind of give people some examples of that asset allocation for, you know, for the lay person, I guess. You're rebalancing. All you do is you have equities or stocks and bonds, right. 70, 30, that mix, whatever it is. And when a downturn happens, your stocks are going to fall way low, maybe the 50%, 60%, whatever it is.

And it's outside of that 70, 30 mix that you want. So then what are you going to do? Well, you're going to buy more stocks. You're going to sell bonds. You're going to buy more stocks and you're automatically buying when it's low and selling. When it's high. That's a great part of asset allocation and tax loss harvesting for you.

For those of you who don't know it, it's basically when you buy a stock and it goes down, you're basically capturing that loss and then buying something else that is similar to it. So you still have a good stock in there, but it is capturing that loss on your tax

Charlie: advantages.

Yeah. You nailed it. . I did fail to mention Roth conversions. We did a lot of Roth conversions last March as an opportunity. We were doing some anyway. And all of a sudden, if your account balance goes down or that value of that investments goes down, you can subsequently convert that and pay less taxes, especially if you were going to do that anyway.

So again, a lot of moving parts on a couple of those things, and don't take that as advice because. No, you know, we're talking very general strategies here. And again, there's a lot of tax laws and things that you need to think about, but there are a lot of things to do is the point of the discussion here.

A lot of things to do a lot of opportunities when, when things get scary.

Rob: Yep. Again, rebalance, if you can invest through the downturn dollar cost averaging monthly investing, tax loss, harvesting Roth conversions. Have solid financial principles to stick to those avoid bad debt, build your savings, invest for the longterm.

That's what we're talking about.

Ben: Okay. , quick thing from the,, young pilots out there, , Hey, a young person you should be happy.

There's a recession to some degree because you can buy those. You can buy ownership in companies. And we joked about it about me. Hey Ben, you should be pumped right now. You go by it by some of these come by and you're like, apple, go buy some apple. Like you just got a 20% discount. Yeah. Okay. You know, and obviously no one wants a recession, but if you're a young person take advantage of those opportunities, if you see the market is down, I know it's going to be very tough because it was tough for me.

I looked at it, you know, you're watching the news, everything's going to hell in a hand basket, but you know, it's. It's a great time. Great time to take advantage of it.

Charlie: Good

Rob: point. Yeah. And remember if the downturn does appear, it's only a matter of time before things will start looking up again.

Charlie: Yep. And just for those people on YouTube right now, that is not Benz underoos on his microphone.

No, just want to clarify. Let's open we'd we'd we'd clear that yeah. We have a problem with our microphones. You know, we need to have we're too cheap to buy those little furry things. Those are not bands underoos on his microphone. That

Rob: is a,

Charlie: what is that? Ben,

Ben: allegedly not my underoos look. I, I had to find something to cover it up full disclosure, and apparently it helps with the audio quality

Rob: when you sound great professional.

Yeah. I'm going to get so much on the ruse.

Ah, just kidding. Just kidding. Okay. Anything else? At least? Yes. Anyway. Right last a couple of quotes. We'll leave you with these two are from burden molecule, the author of a random walk down wall street. Very smart guy. The majority of investors failed to take full advantage of the incredible power of compounding the multiplying power of growth times growth.

And the second one is it is not hard to make money in the market. What is hard to avoid is the alluring temptation to throw your money away on short, get rich quick speculative binges. It is an obvious lesson, but one frequently ignored Burton Malkiel. There that's it. Folks we've arrived at our final destination.

Let us be the first to welcome you to the end of flight 14. Thank you for joining us here at the pilot money guys podcast. If you have any questions, shoot us an email. robert@leadingedgeplanning.com. If you like what you heard or even if you didn't hit that subscribe button, how about that? So we can reach more people and out.

Remember the world makes way for those who know where they're going. So plan accordingly.

Please remember that past performance may not be indicative of future results. Different types of investments involve varying degrees of risk and there can be no assurance that the future performance of any specific investment, investment strategy, or product made reference to directly or indirectly in this Podcast will be profitable, equal any corresponding indicated historical performance level(s), or be suitable for your portfolio. Moreover, you should not assume that any information or any corresponding discussions serves as the receipt of, or as a substitute for, personalized investment advice from Leading Edge Financial Planning personnel. The opinions expressed are those of Leading Edge Financial Planning as of 09/07/2021 and are subject to change at any time due to the changes in market or economic conditions.

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I’ve Inherited Money, Now What?

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Hello folks! We are excited because this is the first podcast in a 3-part series called “I’m Dead, Now What?”. That’s right, we are covering the exciting topic of death!

  • I've Inherited Money, Now What? – Should you spend it, save it, tax implications, your family legacy?
  • I’m Dead, Now What? – A discussion on estate planning. How can you pass on money to your heirs in the most tax-efficient manner possible?
  • I’m Disabled, Now What? – A discussion on becoming disabled during your career. What if you lose your medical? How much income will you have to live on? For how long?

    Although a very difficult subject to face, these topics are important to plan around. In this first podcast of the series, we discuss what happens when you inherit money. We talk about the emotional decisions that must be made, the tax consequences, and how we believe inheritances should be handled.

We’re thankful for the feedback we have received on the Pilot Money Guys podcast. We are striving to bring useful insight on important financial topics to you. If you have suggested topics, questions, or comments for us, please email us at info@leadingedgeplanning.com.

See you next time!

I've Inherited Money...
Charlie: ladies and gentlemen, welcome aboard the pilot money guys podcast, where our mission is to help clients build and protect wealth to achieve their dreams and goals. This podcast is brought to you by leading edge financial planning without further ado. Here is your host, Robert.

Rob: Tip of the cap to you.

Thank you for joining us at the pilot money guys. Welcome to you. We're going to be doing a new, uh, series and it's gonna be a three-part series. So hang with us here. It's called I'm dead. Now. What? Part one of that we're going to be doing again, three of those, the second uplifting,

Charlie: uplifting series.

Rob: Yeah. I can tell everyone's really excited on the edge of their seats right now.

Click, turn it

Charlie: off.

Rob: Darn it. Um, episode two or flight two, if you will, will be I'm dead now. What, excuse me, let me back up episode ones. I've inherited money now. What? But it's all part of the somebody

Charlie: dead. If somebody. Yeah, I'm inheriting money. You're not

Rob: dead and I'm dead now. What? And the third one is I can't now what?

We're, I'm disabled now. One. Yeah. Wow.

Charlie: That's it. Which is, yeah, maybe it's wrong. Maybe I'm just messed up, but I'm excited about this year.

Rob: Well, we all know you're a little messed up then. Yeah, that's perfect. All right. Hey, I'm your host, Rob, back then. We've got been depicted. The advisor, Mr. Cowbell. And of course Charlie Mattingly, certified financial planner, the godfather, we got it.

We got us all here. All three of us. Uh, we're missing mark today, but uh, we're ready. Ready? What do we got for aviation news? Ben. Charlie, what do you got? Ben, Charlie

Charlie: Ben. Well, first we've got to one of these days. We'll have to give you a call sign. I've just been thinking about that. Well, that's Lisa, she's the bullet.

Oh, she's bulldog. Yeah. You're the MC MC hammer. Oh, there we go. That might be all right. Hammer. The hammer

Rob: standardization, evaluation pilot. So, oh, I

Charlie: need a hammer for sure. Yeah. So

Rob: a soft hammer. Yeah, exactly.

Charlie: Like a rubber mallet

Rob: or something. Santa Claus,

Charlie: wherever from the ballot. So Ben, you start us off today because you've looked more into this one than I have, or so you've said anyway, about this trans air flight 8 1 0 that ditched in the water in Hawaii.

What's up with that? Yeah, no, uh, pretty crazy. I was, uh, when I woke up in the morning, uh, after the, I think it was like July 2nd or something, I woke up and saw, saw the news. Uh, pretty, pretty wild. Um, it looks like it was a cargo plane, um, out of Honolulu that, that crash had it, or had a ditch into the, uh, the water at about one, uh, one or 2:00 AM local time there.

And luckily the two people on board, the captain copilot were, rescued and were safe. First officer. Yeah, first officer, I'm sorry. You know, I'm still learning guys. I'm still learning. Um, but they were rescued by the coast guard. So good on them, obviously, a pretty crazy experience. I was telling you, you guys, before we started that.

You know, one thing as me just not being a pilot or knowing much about it, I was like Landon water. I didn't realize it would tear up the plane like it did. And, uh, give them such a hard time, but it looks like there was debris field, a huge debris field and everything, uh, that for the coast guard to have to spot them in.

But, uh, yeah, pretty crazy. Thank God everybody survived. Um, absolutely double engine malfunction. I, I don't, I'm not exactly sure. Yeah. Is that, does that, what you all T engine? Yeah, they lost one. And then, uh, they S they were talking to air traffic controller and they said, Hey, we're going to lose the other one.

We think we're going to, you know, I guess it was overheating. Plus the plane was like 30 years old. I believe it was. Boeing 7 37, not 200, not a max, not a max, not a max. Uh, that's what the article kept saying. Stressing, not a max. Yeah. So those things and, and I'm thinking maybe that's why it broke apart as well, you know, but anyway, no, I think it's very difficult on an airplane when you hit the water because you're hitting it at an angle.

It's very, very difficult to land completely flat, which is what you might be envisioning. But, um, we rarely practice. Um, multi-engine or, or a complete engine failure, Robin. I think they, they, I, it, Southwest. Anyway, they talked about doing it. You may have just done it at your recent SIM, but when I was there, we never did it.

We had a, like a memory item, but we never practiced it. So you all just practiced, right? Yeah. Yeah.

Rob: In the air force, we practiced it quite a bit. It seems like. Yeah. But for Southwest, we just practiced in this last AQP

Charlie: session. Yeah. Are, are there, uh, are there emergency exits in the cockpit? It's called a window.

Yep. There's window windows.

Rob: Yeah.

Charlie: Yep. You got windows. Do you have ropes ropes coming out, coming out of the windows? Oh my God. Yeah. The technology they got these days. It's crazy. It's crazy.

Rob: Crazy. Yeah. That was funny. It's a 7 37, 200. Thank goodness. Both pilots survived

Charlie: They were the only two people on there. So that was. You know good because who knows what would've happened? Had somebody been in back because it did break apart, like you said. .

Rob: Yeah. What else, what else? You got anything? So,

Charlie: so the next bullet here, I'm looking at my notes and, um, I guess these are shown notes, right? As what we'll call these things. Yes. So I've got what's going on with the airlines and why do they suck so bad?

Right?

Rob: Oh, I'm not lying.

Charlie: Oh my goodness. It's uh, it's pretty crazy out there. Let me give you. Rob the non-pilot perspective now in, and a passenger being Ben or passengers now. So then you can give us the, the insider, but, um, you know, we were stuck in, when we came to visit you if a couple of weeks ago, you know, we got stuck, right.

We got, I suppose, to take off, we're supposed to land at our, uh, in Knoxville at 1130. We in Atlanta, I think I walked into the door, Ben and his. Girlfriend were kind enough to drop me off. I've walked in and got in bed probably about 5 38. So that was painful instead of about in 30 minutes. But anyway, that was, that was whether there was a lot of weather in the Midwest.

There was weather and yeah, so, uh, it was painful, but people are, you know, testy in the airports. Uh, now, especially they have mask on everybody's kind of angry, whatever, but I will tell you that. I'll look at this as like a business kind of thing. And then you can give me the other side, but I just can't imagine running a business.

And at one month it seems like you're trying to offload as many employees as you can, to, to stiff arm bankruptcy, to, uh, just not run out of money. And in fact, every airline would have run out of money. It had it not been for the government, but, um, so one month you're doing that. The next. You got full airplanes again?

I mean, again, I'm exaggerating a little bit with this full, , next month thing, but man, a laugh, can you imagine not to mention getting everybody back instantaneously, it's not going to happen. There's still lots of unemployment benefits out there that people are on and, um, maybe affect the motivation to return to work.

However, getting a bunch of pilots. You know, is, um, is not easy because everybody needs to get retrained. Yeah , I made the call to get all the captains back. What, when was that call maiden? April, may. And then they said, come back in July. So there's some lag time just on the callback alone, not to mention the training, but right.

Rob: Yeah. It's, it's, it's crazy out there right now. Uh, Ben, you, you were in the airport, you saw it, right?

Charlie: Yeah, it was so crowded. I mean, everyone's, everyone's going on vacation traveling around right now, schools. I mean with school out and everything too, I think. Uh, but yeah, it, it was wild. We saw some, some altercations, actually a flight I had before this one to Denver.

Uh, the last one that was a couple months ago, but there was a mask incident on, on my plan. Uh, and it was just like people. Are so wild up right now. It seems like with this, uh, everything that's going on and, and I mean, like our flight, Charlie, luckily we had you there cause I was probably getting pretty frustrated, but uh, you know, I mean, it's weather.

I mean, what, what can you do? There's nothing that you can do. I mean, they have to wait, wait it out. Luckily we got to get to our destination that night, but,

Rob: um, you know, it's tough, right? It's not cool. You got to kind of have the perfect storm. Uh, you've got, yeah, you got weather and those kinds of things that we're used to dealing.

But use most of the time of the airlines is fully, you know, fully functioning. And right now they're not even close to fully functioning. You've got that. Then you've got the airports that are packed. Cause there's all this pent up demand, like you said, vaccines are going great. Everyone's recovering. Um, so you have all that pent up demand.

And like you said, summertime kids, right school. Let's go. Unfortunately, the flip side of that is that, like you said, there's so many benefits out there from code. That you know, the airports aren't, aren't fully functioning either. Not, not, not to talk about the airlines, but also the airports are, I think, I think the airports are actually functioning worse than the airlines.

If you can even imagine that. Um, and it's an index across the board. It's not just, I would love to point the finger. Yeah. One airline or another, but I think it's across the board. Um, I don't know anyone who's doing really, really well right now.

Charlie: Yeah. It's a matter of who can. Who can suck them the least, right?

Yeah. In the airline world, who's the least terrible. Who's the least terrible, but, but you're right. And you go to the airports. There's no, you can't get food. , some of these places aren't open because they don't have any workers in there

yeah. It's a tough time. We're gonna have to just, just suck it up for a while. Right. But it's a wall street journal article that, uh, that I was looking at to prepare for this as, uh, aviation consultant at McKinsey said, airlines had to make choices about summer staffing before they knew how quickly the man would come back.

Many of those decisions were made at a time when we, as a country, Optimistic about the recovery of air travel. That's, that's his, uh, his opinion now, Rob, you know, you, and I've talked to that day was like, well, you can't necessarily just give the airlines a pass either, you know?

Rob: Yeah. .

That's one of those things. Well, if that were true, why did you schedule so many flights? Like, yeah, I mean, yeah, up at the top, it's a different ball game, but you're trying to, you know, schedule flights and then you can pair back and obviously you don't pair back when there's all that demand. So yeah, it's tough.

And

Charlie: it's not easy. You may have to start flying again. Yeah. Sorry. No, they're not that desperate. I promise you.

Rob: , . All right. Anything else on the, uh, aviation news? Okay. Well, moving along, we've got, uh, you know, just a quick break here. We're before we jump into the I've inherited money.

Now, what we're fiduciary fee only advisors. This is brought to you by leading edge planning. If you need, if you have a question you need, uh, some financial planning help re you can reach us at 8 6 5 2 4 0 2 2 9 2 or that good old electronic mail we've been talking about. At info@leadingedgeplanning.com.

All right. Okay.

Charlie: Right on. I bet. Ben, I've been, your phone has blown up since the last podcast, mostly with spammers spam calls, but yes, it has your stuff. Love it. Yup. Yup. You can't talk to a lot of people that have inherited money from princes. Exactly what money from you? Yeah. Yeah. That's always interesting.

They always want my credit card.

Rob: Mother's maiden name. All right, let's do this. I've inherited money now. What Charlie, what do I do

Charlie: now? All right here. Here I go. Let's say you inherit a million bucks, man. I'm going to quit my job. I'm going here.

I inherited a million bucks. Well, that's a, if we, if we look at the 4% rule, what's that about $40,000 of income per year before tax. So, you know, a million bucks, that's a lot of money. It really is. And I'm not scoffing at that bunny by any stretch. But sometimes I think in our minds we might go, oh my goodness.

That's, uh, that it changes everything. I'm quitting, I'm quitting. I'm going to print a vacation will not really right. , I think that is the emotional thing that sticks out in my mind for the most. What about, what about you guys?

Rob: Yeah, I, I think it's one of those things.

Yeah. A lot of times you get that, you get that windfall, if you will. And people are thinking, okay, I've got this money. I'm also hurting because I probably was pretty close to the person I just lost. Yeah. And they wanted me to have this money. So, um, it seems like a lot, like you said, that 4% rule in the millions 40,000 that's, that's not a lot of money, but you can't think of it like that.

Most people are thinking, oh, I've got a million dollars. This is great. And I think that's where people can get themselves in. Um, one of the statistics I came across was by it from, uh, Elizabeth O'Brien, I guess one study found that a third of the people who received an inheritance had negative savings within two years of the event.

So even if they were great savers beforehand, you get this money, this million dollars and the budget they were on and their spending habits kind of go out the way. Because they've got this million dollars, they maybe don't have an exact plan for it. So they're just kind of spending and going along and you can outspend your income easily, even when it's an inheritance.

So yeah, I think they, they get into that trap. And then all of a sudden, you know, at some point that inheritance has gone and not only have they lost that inheritance money, but they've lost the good spending habits. So they really get themselves into kind of a bind. They're being deliberate with whatever inheritance you have.

Charlie: , , I think you have to write down your goals I've got to send my kids to college. We have his house payment when they really start digging and going, these are all the expenses that I'm going to incur in my lifetime. You can almost attribute, , that money to the, to the goals and. And again, you get to see how far it goes or doesn't go.

And then you get a real, a reality check on how much is it. We really have, how much is it? We really have left over to spend after all those goals are accounted for. And part of that goal process is going, whoa. If I save this money and invest it , at a reasonable rate, how much income will I have when I am ready to.

You know, I think those are just absolutely critical to do.

Rob: Yeah. I think you're exactly right. I think you, if you've already are talking to a, you know, a good fiduciary financial. You're probably on some kind of a financial order checklist or a financial order of operations or whatever you want to call it, that goes through those priorities. And you can just fit that money right into those priorities, if you want, you know, um, it, it's a, it's one of those things.

If you've already thought about it, you already have goals written down. Like you said, Charlie, and you already know what you're working towards this money. It can go right towards it. It doesn't have to be anything new or special.

Charlie: I think the closest thing I've seen to this , and again, we've we just had clients last week told us they inherited some money, but they're like you said, they're the ones you just said, Rob, they are on track.

They've got their goals, all laid out. They knew exactly where this is what really a surprise, but they're not going to go. You know, do something too crazy. They're going to have some fun enjoy that. That's great. But the closest thing I've seen to this, um, in a negative way is someone that I was close to.

And in fact, a family distant family member, their husband, her husband passed away at an early age and they thought he had plenty of life insurance, , Hey S 500,000 sounded like a ton of money and it is a lot of money.

. But when you start to take inventory, , her kids are going to private high school. That was very important to her. That's what her family had done for generations. Then they got to go to college. She needs to retire at some point and she needs, , she's, doesn't want to cut her lifestyle in half or have to sell it.

That $500,000 was, was accounted for really quickly, ? And, it was pretty amazing, , that's just one of the things that I saw firsthand, a couple other things that I think are really important if this happens, , and if you're anticipating this happening is that things may become important.

Now, planning wise that weren't important before, such as uh, estate planning. You know now, uh, have this inheritance, is it going to be protected when I pass away? Maybe that was an issue before, maybe it wasn't, maybe it just became an issue because now, , have a whole lot more money, uh, liability.

Thanks. , w what kind of liability risks do I have out there? , if somebody gets injured on my property, if somebody's driving my kid's car, or my child wrecks my car, , or am I going to get sued now? They're just much more at risk is what I'm saying. So there's a couple of other things to think about, and I know we're going to get into it in a minute, but taxes, you know, when you inherit it, you know, that's going to be a big issue.

Uh, maybe I should say, maybe we'll get into it, but what about. Again, when I pass it on to my children, I want to create a legacy for my family. You know, as I get older, I start thinking about that more than I did when I was, when I was Ben's age, you know, but I would love to raise my children and, and, uh, create a legacy.

And, and that takes a lot of work, a lot of responsibility and a lot of planning.

Rob: Absolutely.

But it's one of those things. I think it was at the notorious VIG set at the best.

Charlie: Oh, I love it. When you call me big Poppa,

sorry

Rob: that one also, but when you get all, you know, you get this windfall of money, you got to make sure, or one of the things you would want to make sure you don't got to do anything. You want to make sure that your taxes are covered. And I think , we're going to get into that.

But, Charlie tax consequences of inheritance.

Charlie: Yeah. So, , somebody out there listening and you're thinking, Hey, I'm, I'm possibly gonna going to inherit some money here in the near future, , parents or whatever, then, , you're probably wondering, Hey, am I going to owe taxes on this inheritance?

And the answer as always is it depends. Let's start with a very, very basic, uh, the easiest one. And that's the federal estate taxes. Let me back up even one more level and just define it. What the heck are death taxes. That term gets thrown around a lot. And, um, and I've kind of had to clarify that myself because it's some of the verbiage is like, well, what are you talking about?

You say death taxes, because I know we have inheritance taxes. We have a state taxes. Uh, what are death taxes? Well, death taxes is just a generic term to describe all of those. So we're going to talk today about mainly state, federal, and state. Uh, state taxes. I gotta, I gotta say that it's the federal state and federal, uh, estate taxes, and then there's an inheritance tax.

So we'll talk about those. Now the easiest one to delineate right off the bat is the federal estate tax. Right now, there is an exemption, meaning you're not going to pay any estate taxes. If you pass away and you have $11.7 million. Correct me if I'm going to say, oh yeah, let me double check my numbers.

$11.7 million. As of now that adjust each year to inflation as of now, or if you're married, it's $23 million. So in other words, Rob, you and Janet can leave me $23 million and you won't. Yes. Thank you. And you will not put here me. You will not, you will not pay any tax. Any federal taxes, state taxes. Okay.

Um, now what about Colorado? What about the state of Tennessee? If , if your S your, your son inherits that money in Colorado, he's not going to pay and your, your state is not going to pay a state taxes, because if you have less than 23 million, but is it going to pay, are you going to pay state estate taxes?

And, uh, Colorado let's see, are they on the list? I think they are not on the list for the state or inherited. Okay. So, you know, there are some states, in fact, there are a, I believe 12 states, that still have in a state or inheritance tax. Okay. So there's a little bit confusing. So let me explain again, the difference between estate and inheritance.

If you pass on an estate, Rob, then you're going to take in your house, your cars, your IRA, 401k. And they're going to add all that together. That's the value of your estate. Okay. Now, if you pass on a $10,000 to me, you know, then I'm going to pay. If I'm in one of those states, I'm going to pay an inheritance tax.

If that state, uh, ha has an inheritance tax. So a lot of states recently have gotten rid of those inheritance taxes, but I'm going to stop right there. Cause that's maybe very confusing. And maybe I didn't say that really well, but what do you think?

Rob: I think you got it, you know, you got the Federalist state taxes.

That's what most people are thinking about. And if you, uh, I think it was a flight too. We talked about, uh, the Biden tax plan and what might happen. And we've got that sunset, uh, a state tax exemption that basically is going to expire in 2025. And I believe. It will revert it back

but, uh, right now, if nothing, if, if nothing else happens and, and Congress doesn't act, or the president. It's going to expire and a revert back. So something that all of us who plan on living past 20, 25, want to think about is more estate planning because you know, that 23 million for, for couples ish, uh, will be, um,

Charlie: won't be exempt.

Won't be 23. Yeah. So, you know, there's a couple of things there I'll, I'll, uh, clean up a little bit. If you're again, if you're going to inherit some money, I'm from Kentucky. So Kentucky does have an inheritance tax. So let's say my mom leaves me some money. Well, I'm not going to have to pay inheritance tax because most of these states that have them, they have exclusions.

Like, uh, if you're passing it onto your children, then you're excluded. But if you're passing it onto your. They're going to pay some inheritance tax. Now, most people that if I'm going to leave money to my buddy and I'm from Kentucky, then I'm going to put in my will that just take the inheritance tax out of my money and then pass the rest onto my, my buddy.

That's usually how it would work. So there's a lot of exemptions in a varies wildly by state, but let's do talk about that sunset provision, Rob. Cause that's, that's really important because people go, wow. That, uh, you know, we don't have 23 million now, but it's, uh, the sunset provisions coming in and, you know, we might one day have a decent estate, you know what, meaning a lot of money.

So it's going to go down to a five point, basically 5.8 million per person, which is still a pretty good amount. And I can't remember what year it's reverting back to. I was like half it is half. It is still half you're. Right. It has happened and, and, and by the time 20 and that's adjusted to inflation. So by the time 20, 26 rolls around, it's going to be a little more than that.

Uh, but, but for today's discussion, it's going to revert back to $5.8 million per person, or about 11.6 million per married, couple. , so. If you have, let's do a quick example, let's say you're single and you have, your estate is worth 10 million. And after the sunset provision, uh, uh, 20, 26, you pass away and you leave 10 million you're exempted, uh, amount is 6 million.

So there's 6 million of the 10. I do not have to pay a state taxes on. Now, usually, I don't know what the, I can't remember what it's going to revert to, but usually above that exempted amount, you're going to pay anywhere between 35 and 45% tax rates.

So 10 million amount of 6 million, which is my exclusion leaves me for a million. Let's say it's 35% and I can't do the math that good, but let's say it's about two and a half million dollars. Check me on that. Ben. And, and so you're going to pay two and a half million dollars in estate taxes, which is disturbing to a lot of people because, oh, by the way, I've probably already paid tax on that money once.

So that's a little disturbing. So now we've got a lot of clients. Our average client range is probably in their fifties or early fifties, but we have some people that I think. , down the road, they very well could be in this, in this situation. If things don't change, , one day they might be looking at a state taxes and going, how can we avoid this and how can we prevent this?

That's the other part of that. So again, that's a lot of talking, but, uh, what do you guys have to fill in or add on to? Yeah, just say one thing that I've heard is just that, uh, the trust, you know, being, being used or coming back into favor, once those provisions come back in, um, I've heard that, you know, , a lot of people.

We'll start using trusts more to avoid those estate taxes. Um, and so, especially if you hadn't been considering that before, um, and, and you may be in the category, .

Yeah. Yeah. So let me address the trust because it's it's can be confusing now prior to like back in the Clinton administration and maybe even the early Bush administration, we had the exclusion again. Let's just say is 11.7 million per person. Back in the day, I remember flying with people and talking about this, cause it was, uh, it was low.

It was like a one and a half to 2 million. So even though that was back in the early two thousands or whatever, I still wasn't that much, because if you have an insurance policy, let's say you got a million dollar insurance policy, half a million dollar house, half a million dollar 401k, that's $2 million estate.

You know, if the exclusion is 1.5 million, I'm going to pay 45% of 500,000, which is about 200,000 in taxes. So again, I went through all that , really quick, but the point is more people were, were, um, included in that then they thought they were going to be so, um, So back then there were things called bypass trusts.

You know, there was a lot of very sophisticated, uh, state planning using trusts, but let me be clear right now, you cannot go out do just to your standard old, plain Jane living trust and think you're going to have it. Estate taxes. It's gotta be a very sophisticated bypass trust, which are basically irrevocable generation skipping , stuff that estate planning attorneys get into, you know, into a lot more detail.

They haven't done it in a long time because it's not been necessary as necessary that could come back into, into Vogue, so to speak. But I just want to be clear that a regular old trust has no tax benefit whatsoever . , but one of the things people used to do, if they had large estates, especially like, uh, back in the day, these farmers big farmers out in Midwest, let's say they had, they had a huge farms, all this equipment, and let's say the farm and the equipment was worth 10 million bucks.

But the farmer let's just say they're making a hundred thousand a year. Um, they don't consider themselves wealthy, but next thing you know, they pass away. The farm gets put in the estate and oh, by the way, now you got a $15 million estate in the, in the family is like, wait a second. Okay. We're going to owe millions of dollars in estate taxes.

So that was a big deal. People were losing family farms, , and that, again, this is way back in the day. So, uh, but what those people did to protect. I know you're going to cringe when I say this, Rob permanent life insurance. So back in the day, uh, permanent life insurance, , when people say I want whole life or whatever, or universal life, I'd be like, why , and one of the few reasons, uh, uh, answers to that other than just like, I just, what I want is what I prefer.

I understand that. But one of the other, you know, techniques. Uh, we have an estate tax problem, so we need permanently life insurance and they had even the, the, uh, the life insurance trust, the islets. I forget what the, I first honest stands for. But anyway, it's a very specific strategy to allow that permit life insurance to pay those estate taxes.

So that's why people had permanent life insurance. And so, uh, so again , those are just a couple of things that, that may come back in. You're revokable thank you. Irrevocable life insurance trusts. Thank you. It's been a while. Those were all the rage, not just, not just five or 10 years ago, you know, a lot of people had those and they'll probably have them again, if, if these things become an issue.

Yeah.

Rob: Yeah. For sure. Yeah. Let's pivot just a little bit and maybe back up a little bit when you inherit, you know, this month. Well, obviously what a lot of our listeners have and, uh, maybe their parents have, uh, or whoever they're going to inherit the money from our 401ks and IRAs. And I think that's something that we need to touch on a little bit.

It it's important to know that if someone dies and they had an IRA and they were required to take a required minimum distribution out of that IRA, If they've died and they're past the age of 72, where they're doing that, you're going to also have to take in required minimum distribution, an RMD on the year they died.

They haven't already something to keep in mind. If they've had, if they have multiple IRAs, the IRS treats all of those as one pot, if you will. So they might've paid the RMD out of one pot and you wouldn't have to pay it. So something you're wanting to think about, um, when you get, go down that.

Charlie: Yup. Yup.

That's good stuff. Um, because we've seen this happen before and it, you scramble to kind of go, Hey, has the RMD been paid? , again, it's, you're dealing with people who are dealing with a lot of stuff and, uh, it's awful, , it's just awful, but, but it's just one of the many things you've gotta account for.

Otherwise. There's a, there's a huge penalty on not paying RMDs. Yeah. , it's just one of those things, but, um, And, and you're probably getting to this Rob or, or, uh, at least it's on our script anyway. So I'm going to tell you about the importance. You know, what, if I do inherit a 401k, an IRA, what are the laws now?

What are the rules now? And this starts, uh, the secure act of 2019. So if someone had died, um, 2019, , if, if they died prior to that year, then what I'm going to say is very different. But after the security. The stretch. IRA is basically. So, uh, without, without muddying the waters too much, I used to be able to inherit an IRA and then I could take out an RMD for the rest of my life, just a small portion for the rest of my life, so I could stretch it.

You know, that was a big, big deal. That's pretty much gone. Uh, the rule now is, uh, whether it be a Roth or, or a non. IRA or 401k. You've got 10 years, 10 years to draw it all down. So I'll throw in a plug real quick again for Roth conversions. You know, Ben, you and I are working with one of our clients, a father, son duo.

And we're like, Hey, maybe we should do Roth conversions. So that, yeah, at a lower tax rate, , when, because he's retired, he's, uh, he has a lower tax rate. His son's a pilot. So when his son inherits this money, someday, it's going to go right on top of his income. He's got to take it out within 10 years and he's going to be taxed at the marginal highest margin rate, you know, that he's in at that time.

So, so that's, that's an idea. That's a strategy that, that might work. 10 years is the, is the date is a timeframe. Now there's some exceptions as an, every IRS regulation out there. There's some exceptions I'm going to read those because it's important. And these

Rob: are, these are called eligible, designated beneficiary.

Yeah.

Charlie: So it's a 10 year withdrawal rule unless you're a surviving spouse. A minor child of the account owner, a disabled or chronically ill beneficiary, and a beneficiary who has not more than 10 years younger than the original IRA or 401k participant. So, uh, So basically,

Rob: and that's just a throw in, on the disabled and chronically ill.

It's, it's a pretty high bar to reach, I think. Yeah. You have to be, you know, medically qualified for that. It's not just, if you have, you know, chronic tinnitus or something, you gotta have a, you can't do more than two of six activities or something like that. So

Charlie: it's a high we're counting, you know, we're counting on.

Most of the beneficiaries having 10 years, you know, and again, a spouse is completely different. Um, just to throw out another nugget here, a spouse has the option to roll it, make it their own IRA, or roll it into an inherited IRA. And there's some decisions to make there. Unfortunately, again, we've had this experience as well, and we decided to have the spouse use an inherited IRA because that meant she could take out money, you know, without paying penny.

So that's something to think about, you know, if you're under 59 and a half, you know, so, so something to think about there as far as, uh, the options that people have.

Yep. Excellent. There's a lot of misunderstanding around gifting and estate planning. And so again, if some of our people are like, Hey, my parents, uh, they're getting up at night age and maybe they should just start giving us money. Well, just understand that, , a lot of people think, well, there's that 15,000 a year a gifting limit.

And there's a ton of confusion around that. So, so in, in that limit changes a little bit every year, but I think it's 15,000. All that means is if, if someone were to give you Rob $20,000, that person does not have to pay gift taxes and you don't have to pay gift taxes, they just need to file a gift tax return to account for the gift above the $15,000 a year.

Exclusion. In reality, again, this is today's numbers. You could give away $11.7 million and never pay gift tax during your life. So again, I just want to clarify those rules. It doesn't mean that your, your elderly parents are start gifting you money right now. I'm not saying that at all. In fact, the step-up in basis is something you got to take into consideration.

If someone passes away, you're going to inherit a home or, or a capital asset, a non IRA, a non 401k. Then right now there is a step up in basis, which means you're going to inherit that potentially tax. So that's, that's something to think about.

Rob: And they're in, they're thinking about doing away with that.

Am I correct? And you are correct talking about doing away with that step up in cost basis. Yeah. And that

Charlie: requires a little clarification too, because , the media has a field day with some of these, but the, the real, the real, uh, proposal is that it would be excluded for gains in excess of 1 million.

For a single person in $2.5 million for a couple. Yeah. So that's changes it drastically and oh, by the way, people have been trying to get rid of the step-up in basis for a long time and it never happens. So the likelihood of that happening is very low, , if nothing else, for the reason of, can you imagine people going back 30, 40, 50 years and going, Hey, what's the, what's the cost basis?

I mean, there's no way people are gonna be able to do that. It's just way too common.

Rob: Yeah,

Charlie: Bitcoin. Jesus, what do you got? Yeah, you can leave me some money. See what I think you should gift me some money. Yeah. Well, you did build that house and maybe, maybe I should. I need some gifting.

I can do. I got, I'll put you on my will, but you can have like my old baseball trophies or something. I get you some of my cryptocurrencies as well.

I'm going to inherit something with losses in it. No. Yeah, no, I think this is a great topic though. And, um, it's pretty confusing. So maybe we should, we can do a little recap here of some of the things we've covered, because I know we've kind of jumped around a lot.

Rob: Yeah. Well, here's a little fun fact. Uh, we talked about the penalized, the penalty, the penalty for not taking an RMD.

And you said it was, yeah, it's 50% if you miss. So God forbid something happens. Uh, to someone you love and you inherit that money and they're required to do RMDs on an IRA or 401k then, and you miss it. It's 50% is the penalty that RMD not, not the entire amount, but, but I'll be RMB. They had to, they had to take, you can ask for forgiveness on a fancy IRS form, but, uh, That if you don't ask for forgiveness, that's what you're paying 50%.

Yeah. That's high. That's deep. Yeah, it is.

Charlie: It is. And, and I'll do, I'll take a hack at re you know, kind of rehashing what we've talked about today. Cause I think the most important thing we talked about early on was just chill out, recover for a year. Don't do anything and, and then find someone you can trust to get some good guidance.

And then you've got to, I think you've got to get a plan and I don't care if that you write down on a legal pad. All the things, all the costs, other things that you want to do because that money is going to go away faster than most people think. I believe bar bar napkin is my favorite. Yeah. I use a bar napkin, whatever.

And then, um, neighbor. And if you, yeah, if you think,

okay, if you think that, um, you know, at some point in the near future, you're going to have some inheritance coming your way. Um, think about taxes, estate taxes at the federal level, a state taxes at the state level inheritance taxes, which is just a few states, uh, that it applies to.

So look those up because there's a lot of moving parts at the state level, a lot of moving parts, but most likely if you're. A son or daughter and you're inheriting, then you're probably not going to pay state inheritance tax. Okay. So that's, there's some exclusions. There is what I'm saying. , estate planning, estate tax changes coming our way, 20, 26, no reason to do anything drastic right now.

But a trust bypass trust revokable trust, permanent life insurance may come back into play if you're above these limits and they're still pretty hefty limits of right now, but basically $5.8 million per person. , last thing is we talked about the step up in cost basis. I don't believe that's actually gonna happen.

Take it for whatever it's worth, but if it does, it's only for gains above $2.5 million per married, couple of 1 million. Per into individuals. So, so that's my, uh, attempt at a summary. .

Rob: . It's super important with those 401ks and IRAs or anything or insurance policies that you have beneficiaries named at that. And that they're accurate because what that does is that bypasses probate. And that is key because then you don't have to wait for all that time for the probate courts to do their thing.

And for debtors. You know, the water guy or the lawn guy or the pool guy are all the debtors that come out of the woodwork, uh, during probate to go after that money, they can't do it. It goes directly to that beneficiary. That's why beneficiaries for you, military folks out there, they always make us make sure that that those are correct, because it's so important because it passes directly through you to that, to that person, uh, without having to go through the probate court.

So anyways, yeah.

Charlie: Check your accounts, check your accounts. And if you need any forms filled out for that, just let me know. Ben's the one they can do it@schwab.com. Ben. Oh yeah, that's true. Yeah, no forms, please do yourself. Yeah.

Rob: Perfect. Perfect. Uh, the other thing is you got 10 years and unless you're an eligible, designated beneficiary to take out that money.

IRA RA even a Roth IRA. You gotta take that out within 10 years, even though the ROS have already been taxed. So that's good. And remember, there's a difference between IRAs, 401ks, IRAs and 401ks, even Roth 401ks have required minimum distributions. So, uh, that's all I got. What else you got? Yeah.

Charlie: Bear inheriting money.

Uh, contact us, please. And we'll put spin by Ben Dickinson as a beneficiary. Contact me

Rob: planning doc. Uh, all right. That's all we got. We've arrived at our final destination. Couple of leave you with a couple of quotes. They're kind of related here. They're all just, uh, um, dealing with investing in finances. The first one is from PTC. Money is a terrible master, but an excellent servant. Think on that for a bit.

The second one is from a fellow pilot, Amelia Earhart. The most difficult thing is the decision to act. The rest is merely tenacity. That's

Charlie: it?

Rob: That's all we got. We're at the end of a flight 11. Thanks for joining us here at the pilot money guys podcast. If you like, what you heard hit that subscribe. And we want to hear from you, even if you didn't like what your, we want to know that too.

So just shoot us, uh, shoot me an email@robertatleadingedgeplanning.com and has always remember the world makes way for those who know where they're going. So plan accordingly from

Charlie: all, all of us here at leading edge Godspeed. We out see you next time. See ya.

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